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Impact de l'expansion économique et commerciale de la Chine sur la croissance et l'emploi au Burkina Faso: une analyse en équilibre général calculable

Author

Listed:
  • Boureima Sawadogo
  • Tegawende Juliette Nana
  • Maimouna Hama Natama
  • Fidèle Bama
  • Emma Tapsoba
  • Kassoum Zerbo

Abstract

L’impact de l’expansion économique et commerciale de la Chine sur l’économie du Burkina Faso est analysé dans ce travail à travers trois canaux : les échanges de biens et services, les investissements directs étrangers et l’aide au développement. Pour capter les effets directs et indirects de la croissance chinoise, nous utilisons un modèle d’équilibre général calculable. Les simulations retenues pour caractériser les différents canaux de transmission sont de deux groupes. Le premier groupe comprend, 1- l’augmentation des transferts de la Chine vers le Burkina Faso; 2- l’augmentation du stock de capital productif et 3- l’augmentation de la productivité totale des facteurs, et le deuxième groupe se compose 4- d’une augmentation des exportations du Burkina Faso vers la Chine; 5- de la baisse des prix internationaux à l’exportation des produits manufacturés; 6- de l’augmentation des prix internationaux l’exportation des produits primaires; 7- et de la baisse des prix internationaux à l’importation des produits de la Chine. Les résultats des simulations du deuxième groupe montrent que l’expansion commerciale avec la Chine entraine une augmentation des prix intérieurs, une augmentation des exportations vers la Chine des produits dont les volumes d’exportation ont augmenté et une augmentation des importations. En plus, l’effet sur la croissance, la valeur ajoutée et le bien-être des ménages est faible. Pour ce qui concerne le premier groupe de simulations, les résultats montrent une baisse des prix intérieurs, une augmentation des exportations et une baisse des importations. L’impact de l’entrée des IDE chinois entraine une augmentation de la croissance économique de 1.90%, une augmentation de la demande de travail de 0.08% et en moyenne le bien-être des ménages augmente de 1.41% et c’est le bien-être des ménages agriculteurs de coton qui augmente le plus (1.81%).

Suggested Citation

  • Boureima Sawadogo & Tegawende Juliette Nana & Maimouna Hama Natama & Fidèle Bama & Emma Tapsoba & Kassoum Zerbo, 2015. "Impact de l'expansion économique et commerciale de la Chine sur la croissance et l'emploi au Burkina Faso: une analyse en équilibre général calculable," Working Papers MPIA 2015-03, PEP-MPIA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:mpiacr:2015-03
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    File URL: https://portal.pep-net.org/documents/download/id/24434
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. John Cockburn & Hélène Maisonnave & Véronique Robichaud & Luca Tiberti, 2016. "Fiscal Space and Public Spending on Children in Burkina Faso1
      [Burkina Faso. Classification-JEL: I32, D58, C50, O55]
      ," International Journal of Microsimulation, International Microsimulation Association, vol. 9(1), pages 5-23.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    IDE; Aide étrangère; Commerce; EGC; Chine; Burkina Faso;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East

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