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Standards, Tariffs and Trade: The Rise and Fall of the Raisin Trade Between Greece and France in the Late 19th Century and the Definition of Wine

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  • Giulia Meloni
  • Johan Swinnen

Abstract

There is much debate on the impact of product and process standards on trade. The conceptual arguments are complex and empirical evidence is mixed. We analyze the impact of standards and tariffs on the dramatic rise and fall of the raisin trade between France and Greece in the course of 25 years at the end of the 19th century. The case illustrates how product standards can be used to address consumer concerns and to protect producer interests. Economic conditions and French policies first stimulated Greek raisin imports. Later, changing conditions and political pressures led to the introduction of tariffs and wine standards which caused major declines in Greek exports and ultimately the bankruptcy of the Greek economy. Interestingly, this trade episode of more than a century ago still has a regulatory legacy today as it is the origin of the EU’s definition of wine.

Suggested Citation

  • Giulia Meloni & Johan Swinnen, 2017. "Standards, Tariffs and Trade: The Rise and Fall of the Raisin Trade Between Greece and France in the Late 19th Century and the Definition of Wine," LICOS Discussion Papers 38617, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  • Handle: RePEc:lic:licosd:38617
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    File URL: http://feb.kuleuven.be/drc/licos/publications/dp/dp386
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    Cited by:

    1. Kym Anderson & Giulia Meloni & Johan Swinnen, 2019. "Global Alcohol Markets: Evolving Consumption Patterns, Regulations, and Industrial Organizations," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Kym Anderson (ed.), The International Economics of Wine, chapter 26, pages 671-712, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Meloni, Giulia & Swinnen, Johan, 2018. "Trade and terroir. The political economy of the world’s first geographical indications," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 1-20.
    3. Giulia Meloni & Kym Anderson & Koen Deconinck & Johan Swinnen, 2019. "Wine Regulations," Wine Economics Research Centre Working Papers 2019-01, University of Adelaide, Wine Economics Research Centre.
    4. Kym Anderson & Vicente Pinilla, 2017. "Annual Database of Global Wine Markets, 1835 to 2016: Methodology, Derived Indicators, and Sources," Wine Economics Research Centre Working Papers 2017-04, University of Adelaide, Wine Economics Research Centre.
    5. Catherine Haeck & Giulia Meloni & Jo Swinnen, 2018. "The Value of Terroir. A historical analysis of the Bordeaux and Champagne geographical indications," Working Papers of Department of Economics, Leuven 634338, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), Department of Economics, Leuven.

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