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Global Alcohol Markets: Evolving Consumption Patterns, Regulations and Industrial Organizations

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  • Anderson, Kym
  • Meloni, Giulia
  • Swinnen, Johan

Abstract

For millennia alcoholic drinks have played an important role in food security and health (both positive and negative), but consumption patterns of beer, wine and spirits have altered substantially over the past two centuries. So too have their production technologies and industrial organization. Globalization and economic growth have contributed to considerable convergence in national alcohol consumption patterns. The industrial revolution contributed to excess consumption by stimulating demand and lowering the cost of alcohol. It also led to concentration in some alcohol industries, expecially brewing. In recent years the emergence of craft producers has countered firm concentration and the homogenization of alcoholic beverages. Meanwhile, governments have intervened extensively in alcohol markets to reduce excessive consumption, raise taxes, protect domestic industries and/or ensure competition. These regulations have contributed to, and been affected by, evolving patterns of consumption and changing structures of alcohol industries.

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  • Anderson, Kym & Meloni, Giulia & Swinnen, Johan, 2018. "Global Alcohol Markets: Evolving Consumption Patterns, Regulations and Industrial Organizations," CEPR Discussion Papers 12758, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12758
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Lara Cockx & Giulia Meloni & Johan Swinnen, 2019. "The Water of Life and Death: A Brief Economic History of Spirits," LICOS Discussion Papers 41719, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
    2. Kym Anderson, 2020. "Evolving from a rum state: Australia's alcohol consumption," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 64(3), pages 724-749, July.
    3. Anderson, Kym, 2020. "Consumer Taxes on Alcohol: An International Comparison over Time," Journal of Wine Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(1), pages 42-70, February.
    4. Giulia Meloni & Kym Anderson & Koen Deconinck & Johan Swinnen, 2019. "Wine Regulations," Wine Economics Research Centre Working Papers 2019-01, University of Adelaide, Wine Economics Research Centre.
    5. Áron Török & Ákos Szerletics & Lili Jantyik, 2020. "Factors Influencing Competitiveness in the Global Beer Trade," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(15), pages 1-15, July.
    6. João Rebelo & Raúl Compés & Samuel Faria & Tânia Gonçalves & Vicente Pinilla & Katrin Simón-Elorz, 2021. "Wine consumption frequency during lockdown in the Iberian markets," Documentos de Trabajo dt2021-02, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
    7. María‐Isabel Ayuda & Hugo Ferrer‐Pérez & Vicente Pinilla, 2020. "A leader in an emerging new international market: the determinants of French wine exports, 1848–1938," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 73(3), pages 703-729, August.
    8. Clements, Ken & Lan, Yihui & Liu, Haiyan, 2020. "Understanding Alcohol Consumption across Countries," 2020 Conference (64th), February 12-14, 2020, Perth, Western Australia 305249, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    9. Macedo, Anthony & Rebelo, João & Gouveia, Sofia, 2019. "Export propensity and intensity in the wine industry: a fractional econometric approach," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), vol. 8(3), December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Alcohol and health; Beverage firm concentration; Convergence of national beverage consumption mix; Globalization of preferences; Restrictions on alcohol consumption and production;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco

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