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Global Alcohol Markets: Evolving Consumption Patterns, Regulations and Industrial Organizations


  • Anderson, Kym
  • Meloni, Giulia
  • Swinnen, Johan


For millennia alcoholic drinks have played an important role in food security and health (both positive and negative), but consumption patterns of beer, wine and spirits have altered substantially over the past two centuries. So too have their production technologies and industrial organization. Globalization and economic growth have contributed to considerable convergence in national alcohol consumption patterns. The industrial revolution contributed to excess consumption by stimulating demand and lowering the cost of alcohol. It also led to concentration in some alcohol industries, expecially brewing. In recent years the emergence of craft producers has countered firm concentration and the homogenization of alcoholic beverages. Meanwhile, governments have intervened extensively in alcohol markets to reduce excessive consumption, raise taxes, protect domestic industries and/or ensure competition. These regulations have contributed to, and been affected by, evolving patterns of consumption and changing structures of alcohol industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Anderson, Kym & Meloni, Giulia & Swinnen, Johan, 2018. "Global Alcohol Markets: Evolving Consumption Patterns, Regulations and Industrial Organizations," CEPR Discussion Papers 12758, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12758

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Kym Anderson, 2010. "Excise and Import Taxes on Wine Versus Beer and Spirits: An International Comparison," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 29(2), pages 215-228, June.
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    8. Swinnen, Johan & Briski, Devin, 2017. "Beeronomics: How Beer Explains the World," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198808305.
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    12. Giulia Meloni & Johan Swinnen, 2017. "Standards, Tariffs and Trade: The Rise and Fall of the Raisin Trade Between Greece and France in the Late 19th Century and the Definition of Wine," LICOS Discussion Papers 38617, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lara Cockx, Giulia Meloni, Johan Swinnen, 2019. "The Water of Life and Death: A Brief Economic History of Spirits," LICOS Discussion Papers 41719, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.


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