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Portugal’s wine globalization waves, 1750-2015

Listed author(s):
  • Pedro Lains

    (Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon)

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    From 1750 to 2015 we may detect three waves of globalization of wines produced in Portugal, namely, port wine exports for the British market in the 18th century, common wines exports to France in the second half of the 19th century, and finally the growth of exports to European markets from the last decade of the 20th century up to the present times. This chapter explores the fundamentals of such waves looking at trends in output, productivity, domestic and foreign consumption, commercial agreements and economic policies. The first two waves came to halt as conditions in the foreign markets changed, because they did not have a solid domestic base of production and commercialization. The chapter argues that the third wave is of a different kind as it developed from a more solid domestic base of the wine sector that had developed for decades based on domestic consumption. Thus we may conclude that wine globalization is also about changing domestic economic conditions. The process was however long and painful, as the sector had a very irregular performance throughout the 20th century which is however related to the overall backwardness of the Portuguese economy in the European context.

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    Paper provided by European Historical Economics Society (EHES) in its series Working Papers with number 0113.

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    Length: 48 pages
    Date of creation: May 2017
    Handle: RePEc:hes:wpaper:0113
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    1. Duguid, Paul, 2005. "Networks and Knowledge: The Beginning and End of the Port Commodity Chain, 1703–1860," Business History Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 79(03), pages 493-526, September.
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    5. James Simpson, 2011. "Creating Wine: The Emergence of a World Industry, 1840-1914," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 9479.
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    8. Lains, Pedro, 2003. "New wine in old bottles: Output and productivity trends in Portuguese agriculture, 1850 1950," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(01), pages 43-72, April.
    9. José Miguel Martínez-Carrión & Francisco José Medina-Albaladejo, 2010. "Change and development in the Spanish wine industry, 1950-2009," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 1006, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica.
    10. Meloni, Giulia & Swinnen, Johan, 2013. "The Political Economy of European Wine Regulations," Journal of Wine Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(03), pages 244-284, December.
    11. Lopes, Teresa da Silva, 2005. "Competing with Multinationals: Strategies of the Portuguese Alcohol Industry," Business History Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 79(03), pages 559-585, September.
    12. Pinilla, Vicente & Ayuda, Maria-Isabel, 2002. "The political economy of the wine trade: Spanish exports and the international market, 1890 1935," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(01), pages 51-85, April.
    13. Leonor Freire Costa & Jaime Reis, 2016. "The chronic food deficit of early modern Portugal: curse or myth?," Working Papers GHES - Office of Economic and Social History 2016/58, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, GHES - Social and Economic History Research Unit, Universidade de Lisboa.
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