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Portugal’s wine globalization waves, 1750-2015

Listed author(s):
  • Pedro Lains

    (Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon)

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    From 1750 to 2015 we may detect three waves of globalization of wines produced in Portugal, namely, port wine exports for the British market in the 18th century, common wines exports to France in the second half of the 19th century, and finally the growth of exports to European markets from the last decade of the 20th century up to the present times. This chapter explores the fundamentals of such waves looking at trends in output, productivity, domestic and foreign consumption, commercial agreements and economic policies. The first two waves came to halt as conditions in the foreign markets changed, because they did not have a solid domestic base of production and commercialization. The chapter argues that the third wave is of a different kind as it developed from a more solid domestic base of the wine sector that had developed for decades based on domestic consumption. Thus we may conclude that wine globalization is also about changing domestic economic conditions. The process was however long and painful, as the sector had a very irregular performance throughout the 20th century which is however related to the overall backwardness of the Portuguese economy in the European context.

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    File URL: http://www.ehes.org/EHES_113.pdf
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    Paper provided by European Historical Economics Society (EHES) in its series Working Papers with number 0113.

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    Length: 48 pages
    Date of creation: May 2017
    Handle: RePEc:hes:wpaper:0113
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.ehes.org

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    1. Lopes, Teresa da Silva, 2005. "Competing with Multinationals: Strategies of the Portuguese Alcohol Industry," Business History Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 79(03), pages 559-585, September.
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    6. Pinilla, Vicente & Serrano, Raúl, 2008. "The Agricultural and Food Trade in the First Globalization: Spanish Table Wine Exports 1871 to 1935 – A Case Study," Journal of Wine Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(02), pages 132-148, December.
    7. James Simpson, 2011. "Creating Wine: The Emergence of a World Industry, 1840-1914," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 9479.
    8. Leonor Freire Costa & Jaime Reis, 2016. "The chronic food deficit of early modern Portugal: curse or myth?," Working Papers GHES - Office of Economic and Social History 2016/58, ISEG - School of Economics and Management, GHES - Social and Economic History Research Unit, University of Lisbon.
    9. Lains, Pedro, 2016. "Agriculture and Economic Development on the European Frontier : Portugal, 1000-2000," IFCS - Working Papers in Economic History.WH 23463, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto Figuerola.
    10. Meloni, Giulia & Swinnen, Johan, 2013. "The Political Economy of European Wine Regulations," Journal of Wine Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 8(03), pages 244-284, December.
    11. Grantham, George, 1999. "Contra Ricardo: On the macroeconomics of pre-industrial economies," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(02), pages 199-232, August.
    12. Lains, Pedro, 2003. "New wine in old bottles: Output and productivity trends in Portuguese agriculture, 1850 1950," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(01), pages 43-72, April.
    13. José Miguel Martínez-Carrión & Francisco José Medina-Albaladejo, 2010. "Change and development in the Spanish wine industry, 1950-2009," Documentos de Trabajo (DT-AEHE) 1006, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica.
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