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Convergence des régions européennes. Une approche par l'économétrie spatiale

Author

Listed:
  • BAUMONT, Catherine

    () (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

  • ERTUR, Cem

    () (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

  • LE GALLO, Julie

    () (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

L'objectif de cet article est d'analyser la dépendance spatiale dans les processus de convergence des régions européennes. D'une part nous appliquons les méthodes récemment développées de l'analyse exploratoire des données spatiales (Anselin, 1996) pour affiner la description de la dynamique géographique de la croissance des régions européennes. Ceci nous permet d'apporter un éclairage nouveau sur la mesure habituelle de la s-convergence qui masque des schémas géographiques particuliers fluctuants dans le temps. D'autre part nous testons la présence d'autocorrélation spatiale dans les modèles de b-convergence en utilisant les techniques de l'économétrie spatiale (Anselin, 1988 ; Anselin et Florax, 1995). Ceci nous permet de comparer les résultats obtenus avant et après la prise en compte de l'autocorrélation spatiale de manière à mettre en évidence l'impact des effets de débordements sur les phénomènes de croissance régionale. / The aim of this paper is the analysis of spatial dependence in convergence processes applied to European regions. First, we apply the recently developed exploratory spatial data analysis (Anselin, 1996) in order to describe more precisely the geographical dynamics of European regional income growth patterns. New insights are brought to the usual s-convergence measure, which hides geographical patterns that may fluctuate over time. Second, we test the presence of spatial autocorrelation in b-convergence models by using spatial econometrics methods (Anselin, 1988 ; Anselin and Florax, 1995). We compare the results with and without spatial autocorrelation in order to assess the effect of geographic spillovers on regional growth.

Suggested Citation

  • BAUMONT, Catherine & ERTUR, Cem & LE GALLO, Julie, 2000. "Convergence des régions européennes. Une approche par l'économétrie spatiale," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-03, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
  • Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:2000-03
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Stéphane VIROL (IERSO-IFReDE-GRES), 2006. "Three dimensions of regional integration process in Europe: an approach by spatial econometrics (In French)," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2006-16, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
    2. Cem Ertur & Thiaw Kalidou, 2005. "Growth and Spatial Dependence - The Mankiw, Romer and Weil model revisited," ERSA conference papers ersa05p660, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Claude LACOUR (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES) & Stéphane VIROL (IERSO, IFReDE-GRES), 2005. "European regional policy: new bases, new borders? (In French)," Cahiers du GRES (2002-2009) 2005-21, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
    4. Chantelot Sèbastien & Filippi Maryline & Peres-Quesada Stèphanie, 2011. "The French agricultural cooperative system: An explanatory spatial data analysis," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1029, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Catherine Baumont & Cem Ertur & Julie Le Gallo, 2001. "A spatial econometric analysis of geographic spillovers and growth for European regions, 1980-1995," Working Papers hal-01526858, HAL.
    6. LE GALLO, Julie, 2000. "Econométrie spatiale 1 -Autocorrélation spatiale," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-05, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
    7. BAUMONT, Catherine & ERTUR, Cem & LE GALLO, Julie, 2000. "Geographic Spillover and Growth. A Spatial Econometric Analysis for European Regions," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-07, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
    8. Charles Plaigin, 2009. "Exploratory study on the presence of cultural and institutional growth spillovers," DULBEA Working Papers 09-03.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    9. Bourdin, Sebastien & Elissalde, Bernard & Langlois, Patrice & Goya, Dominique, 2011. "Une approche prospective de la configuration des disparités économiques régionales au sein de l'Union européenne par la modélisation et la simulation
      [A forward-looking approach of the configuratio
      ," MPRA Paper 41307, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.
    10. Julie Le Gallo, 2000. "Spatial econometrics (1, Spatial autocorrelation)
      [Econométrie spatiale (1, Autocorrélation spatiale)]
      ," Working Papers hal-01527290, HAL.
    11. Bourdin, Sebastien, 2010. "Repenser le futur de la politique de cohésion européenne pour les pays d’europe centrale et orientale : la prise en compte de l’espace géographique comme piste de recherche
      [Rethinking the future o
      ," MPRA Paper 40888, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2010.

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    Keywords

    analyse exploratoire des données spatiales; autocorrélation spatiale; économétrie spatiale; convergence; effets de débordement; régions européennes exploratory spatial data analysis; spatial autocorrelation; spatial econometrics; convergence; geographic spillovers; European regions Classification-JEL: C51; R11; R15;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods

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