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Convergence des régions européennes. Une approche par l'économétrie spatiale

  • BAUMONT, Catherine


    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

  • ERTUR, Cem


    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

  • LE GALLO, Julie


    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

L'objectif de cet article est d'analyser la dépendance spatiale dans les processus de convergence des régions européennes. D'une part nous appliquons les méthodes récemment développées de l'analyse exploratoire des données spatiales (Anselin, 1996) pour affiner la description de la dynamique géographique de la croissance des régions européennes. Ceci nous permet d'apporter un éclairage nouveau sur la mesure habituelle de la s-convergence qui masque des schémas géographiques particuliers fluctuants dans le temps. D'autre part nous testons la présence d'autocorrélation spatiale dans les modèles de b-convergence en utilisant les techniques de l'économétrie spatiale (Anselin, 1988 ; Anselin et Florax, 1995). Ceci nous permet de comparer les résultats obtenus avant et après la prise en compte de l'autocorrélation spatiale de manière à mettre en évidence l'impact des effets de débordements sur les phénomènes de croissance régionale. / The aim of this paper is the analysis of spatial dependence in convergence processes applied to European regions. First, we apply the recently developed exploratory spatial data analysis (Anselin, 1996) in order to describe more precisely the geographical dynamics of European regional income growth patterns. New insights are brought to the usual s-convergence measure, which hides geographical patterns that may fluctuate over time. Second, we test the presence of spatial autocorrelation in b-convergence models by using spatial econometrics methods (Anselin, 1988 ; Anselin and Florax, 1995). We compare the results with and without spatial autocorrelation in order to assess the effect of geographic spillovers on regional growth.

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Paper provided by LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne in its series LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) with number 2000-03.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:2000-03
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