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Economie géographique et intégration régionale : Quels enseignements pour les Pays d'Europe Centrale et Orientale ?

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  • BAUMONT, Catherine

    () (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

Face aux perspectives d'élargissement de l'Union Européenne aux Pays d'Europe Centrale et Orientale, pouvoir évaluer quels seront les impacts des politiques d'intégration régionale sur la croissance économique des régions européennes et où se matérialiseront ces effets est un des principaux débats sur l'opportunité de poursuivre et de consolider la construction européenne Nous faisons ici l'hypothèse que les nouvelles théories géographiques de la croissance peuvent éclairer de façon pertinente cette problématique. Nous examinons, en particulier, les réponses apportées par ces théories sur la question de la convergence des économies régionales et sur le coût des politiques européennes de cohésion. Nous montrons que le schéma d'équilibre favorable à la croissance repose sur une géographie de type Centre-Périphérie, mais qu'un certain nombre de possibilités de sorties des schémas de divergence sont envisageables. / This paper aims to show how EU-integration of the Central and Oriental European countries would modify the growth of european regions. We demonstrate that " new economic geography " and " new growth theories " together are well suited to understand and explain various phenomena associated with european integration policies. We show that these policies will be profitable to growth but will reinforce the european core-periphery geographic pattern. We also show that some mecanisms could counteract this pattern of uneven development. existence of costs of entry and scale economies in telecommunication networks can reinforce the polarization in cities as nodes in telecommunication networks.

Suggested Citation

  • BAUMONT, Catherine, 1998. "Economie géographique et intégration régionale : Quels enseignements pour les Pays d'Europe Centrale et Orientale ?," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 1998-11, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
  • Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:1998-11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Niang, Abdou-Aziz, 2010. "Croissance et convergence économique en Afrique : L’impact des effets spatiaux
      [Growth and convergence in Africa: The impact of spatial effects]
      ," MPRA Paper 24059, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. SALMON, Pierre, 1996. "Free Riding as Mechanism," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 1996-13, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
    3. Sébastien BOURDIN, 2013. "Une Mesure Spatiale Locale De La Sigma-Convergence Pour Evaluer Les Disparites Regionales Dans L’Union Europeenne," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, pages 179-196.
    4. Catherine Baumont & Cem Ertur & Julie Le Gallo, 2000. "Geographic spillover and growth (a spatial econometric analysis for european regions)," Working Papers hal-01526987, HAL.
    5. Bourdin, Sebastien & Elissalde, Bernard & Langlois, Patrice & Goya, Dominique, 2011. "Une approche prospective de la configuration des disparités économiques régionales au sein de l'Union européenne par la modélisation et la simulation
      [A forward-looking approach of the configuratio
      ," MPRA Paper 41307, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2011.
    6. BAUMONT, Catherine & ERTUR, Cem & LE GALLO, Julie, 2000. "Convergence des régions européennes. Une approche par l'économétrie spatiale," LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) 2000-03, LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne.
    7. Bourdin, Sebastien, 2010. "Repenser le futur de la politique de cohésion européenne pour les pays d’europe centrale et orientale : la prise en compte de l’espace géographique comme piste de recherche
      [Rethinking the future o
      ," MPRA Paper 40888, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2010.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    croissance; équilibre géographique; intégration économique; Union Européenne; PECO; régions;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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