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Economie géographique et intégration régionale : Quels enseignements pour les Pays d'Europe Centrale et Orientale ?

  • BAUMONT, Catherine


    (LATEC - CNRS - Université de Bourgogne)

Face aux perspectives d'élargissement de l'Union Européenne aux Pays d'Europe Centrale et Orientale, pouvoir évaluer quels seront les impacts des politiques d'intégration régionale sur la croissance économique des régions européennes et où se matérialiseront ces effets est un des principaux débats sur l'opportunité de poursuivre et de consolider la construction européenne Nous faisons ici l'hypothèse que les nouvelles théories géographiques de la croissance peuvent éclairer de façon pertinente cette problématique. Nous examinons, en particulier, les réponses apportées par ces théories sur la question de la convergence des économies régionales et sur le coût des politiques européennes de cohésion. Nous montrons que le schéma d'équilibre favorable à la croissance repose sur une géographie de type Centre-Périphérie, mais qu'un certain nombre de possibilités de sorties des schémas de divergence sont envisageables. / This paper aims to show how EU-integration of the Central and Oriental European countries would modify the growth of european regions. We demonstrate that " new economic geography " and " new growth theories " together are well suited to understand and explain various phenomena associated with european integration policies. We show that these policies will be profitable to growth but will reinforce the european core-periphery geographic pattern. We also show that some mecanisms could counteract this pattern of uneven development. existence of costs of entry and scale economies in telecommunication networks can reinforce the polarization in cities as nodes in telecommunication networks.

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Paper provided by LATEC, Laboratoire d'Analyse et des Techniques EConomiques, CNRS UMR 5118, Université de Bourgogne in its series LATEC - Document de travail - Economie (1991-2003) with number 1998-11.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Oct 1998
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lat:lateco:1998-11
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