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Convergence in International Output


  • Bernard, Andrew B
  • Durlauf, Steven N


This paper proposes and tests new definitions of convergence and common trends for per capita output. We define convergence for a group of countries to mean that each country has identical long-run trends, either stochastic, while common trends allow for proportionality of the stochastic elements. These definitions lead naturally to the use of cointegration techniques in testing. Using century-long time series for 15 OECD economies, we reject convergence but find substantial evidence for common trends. Smaller samples of European countries also reject convergence but are driven by a lower number of common stochastic trends. Copyright 1995 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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  • Bernard, Andrew B & Durlauf, Steven N, 1995. "Convergence in International Output," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(2), pages 97-108, April-Jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:jae:japmet:v:10:y:1995:i:2:p:97-108

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    References listed on IDEAS

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