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European Integration and Regional Growth

  • Jean Pisani-Ferry
  • Damien Neven
  • Claudine Gouyette

[fre] European Integration and Regional Growth. . L'objectif de cette contribution est d'évaluer le processus de convergence entre les régions de la Communauté et d'essayer de mesurer l'impact du process d'intégration sur les disparités régionales de revenu par tête. Nous observons un processus de rattrapage dans le Sud de l'Europe au début des années quatre-vingt qui semble cependant s'arrêter à partir de 1985. À l'inverse, les régions du Nord de Europe, qui semblent stagner au début de la décennie, amorcent un processus de convergence rapide à partir de 1985. Il semblerait donc que les régions du Nord de l'Europe se sont mieux adaptées à la mise en œuvre du marché intérieur et à l'accession des pays du Sud à partir du milieu de la décennie. Ces observations semblent confirmer l'hypothèse selon laquelle la libéralisation des échanges et du mouvement des facteurs peut exacerber les disparités régionales. Une absence d'ajustement sur les marchés régionaux du travail semble pouvoir expliquer en partie la dichotomie Nord-Sud que nous observons. [eng] European integration and regional grow. . This objective of this paper is to assess whether the process of European integration bas reduced income disparities among regions in the Community. We observe that if the South of Europe seems to catch up in the early eighties, it stagnates, at best, in the second part of the eighties. At the opposite, the regions in the North of Europe tend to stagnate or diverge in the first part of the eighties but converge strongly thereafter. This pattern is consistent with the view that Northern European countries have adjusted better to the implementation of the internai market programme and the entry of the Iberian peninsula in the Community in 1985. This evidence also lends support to the view that trade liberalisation can exacerbate disparities. Preliminary evidence suggests that a lack of adjustment in regional labour markets may explain this pattern.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 45 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 703-714

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1994_num_45_3_409559
Note: DOI:10.2307/3502356
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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