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European Integration and Regional Growth

  • Damien Neven
  • Claudine Gouyette
  • Jean Pisani-Ferry

[fre] European Integration and Regional Growth L'objectif de cette contribution est d'évaluer le processus de convergence entre les régions de la Communauté et d'essayer de mesurer l'impact du process d'intégration sur les disparités régionales de revenu par tête. Nous observons un processus de rattrapage dans le Sud de l'Europe au début des années quatre-vingt qui semble cependant s'arrêter à partir de 1985. À l'inverse, les régions du Nord de Europe, qui semblent stagner au début de la décennie, amorcent un processus de convergence rapide à partir de 1985. Il semblerait donc que les régions du Nord de l'Europe se sont mieux adaptées à la mise en œuvre du marché intérieur et à l'accession des pays du Sud à partir du milieu de la décennie. Ces observations semblent confirmer l'hypothèse selon laquelle la libéralisation des échanges et du mouvement des facteurs peut exacerber les disparités régionales. Une absence d'ajustement sur les marchés régionaux du travail semble pouvoir expliquer en partie la dichotomie Nord-Sud que nous observons. [eng] European integration and regional grow This objective of this paper is to assess whether the process of European integration bas reduced income disparities among regions in the Community. We observe that if the South of Europe seems to catch up in the early eighties, it stagnates, at best, in the second part of the eighties. At the opposite, the regions in the North of Europe tend to stagnate or diverge in the first part of the eighties but converge strongly thereafter. This pattern is consistent with the view that Northern European countries have adjusted better to the implementation of the internai market programme and the entry of the Iberian peninsula in the Community in 1985. This evidence also lends support to the view that trade liberalisation can exacerbate disparities. Preliminary evidence suggests that a lack of adjustment in regional labour markets may explain this pattern.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 45 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 703-713

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1994_num_45_3_409559
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/reco

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  1. Quah, Danny, 1993. "Empirical cross-section dynamics in economic growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 426-434, April.
  2. Tamim Bayoumi & Barry Eichengreen, 1992. "Shocking Aspects of European Monetary Unification," NBER Working Papers 3949, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1992. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 407-437.
  4. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Robert J. Barro, 1989. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," NBER Working Papers 3120, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Damien NEVEN & Claudine GOUYETTE, 1993. "Regional Convergence in the European Comunity," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 9311, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
  7. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J, 1990. "Integration and the Competitiveness of Peripheral Industry," CEPR Discussion Papers 363, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Françoise Drumetz & Hélène Erkel-Rousse & Pierre Jaillard, 1993. "La convergence régionale et l'UEM," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 262(1), pages 135-147.
  9. Hall, S G & Robertson, D & Wickens, M R, 1992. "Measuring Convergence of the EC Economies," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 60(0), pages 99-111, Supplemen.
  10. Dowrick, Steve & Gemmell, Norman, 1991. "Industrialisation, Catching Up and Economic Growth: A Comparative Study across the World's Capitalist Economies," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(405), pages 263-75, March.
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