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Review of Rice Policies in China, Thailand and Vietnam

  • Sina Xie
  • Orachos Napasintuwong

    ()

    (Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics,Faculty of Economics,Kasetsart University,Thailand)

China, Thailand, and Vietnam are key players in world rice market in terms of production and trade. In the past few decades, rice policies in these three countries have changed significantly resulted in changes in production, exports and influences in the world market. This paper reviews major rice policy reforms in China, Thailand and Vietnam during past five decades. It is observed that although each country has practiced different policies at different periods, with the economic development, individuals and market forces have played more important roles in domestic market while government interventions still exist and it is important for the government to invest in rice breeding technology and infrastructure construction. It was found that China and Vietnam have benefited from farm system reforms, the adoption of hybrid rice and the investment in irrigation while liberalization of rice export premium and provision of credits in 1980s have helped Thailand to become the largest rice exporter.

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File URL: http://agri.eco.ku.ac.th/RePEc/kau/wpaper/are201403.pdf
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Paper provided by Kasetsart University, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics in its series Working Papers with number 201403.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2014
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in ARE Working Paper No. 2557/1 (March 2014)
Handle: RePEc:kau:wpaper:201403
Contact details of provider: Phone: (662) 579-1544
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Web page: http://agri.eco.ku.ac.th/
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  1. Huang, Qiuqiong & Rozelle, Scott & Lohmar, Bryan & Huang, Jikun & Wang, Jinxia, 2006. "Irrigation, agricultural performance and poverty reduction in China," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 30-52, February.
  2. Nicholas Minot & Francesco Goletti, 1998. "Export Liberalization and Household Welfare: The Case of Rice in Vietnam," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(4), pages 738-749.
  3. Yap, Chan Ling, 1994. "China: rice market reforms," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 367-379, August.
  4. Cheng Fang & John C. Beghin, 2000. "Food Self-Sufficiency, Comparative Advantage, and Agricultural Trade: A Policy Analysis Matrix for Chinese Agriculture," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 99-wp223, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
  5. Ghosh, Madanmohan & Whalley, John, 2004. "Are price controls necessarily bad? The case of rice in Vietnam," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 215-232, February.
  6. Spielman, David J. & Kolady, Deepthi & Cavalieri, Anthony, 2012. "Public Expenditures, Private Incentives, and Farmer Adoption: The Economics of Hybrid Rice in South Asia," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 125694, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  7. Kei Kajisa & Takamasa Akiyama, 2005. "The Evolution of Rice Price Policies over Four Decades: Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(2), pages 305-329.
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