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Unions, Wage Gaps, and Wage Dispersion: New Evidence from the Americas

Author

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  • Rios-Avila, Fernando

    () (Levy Economics Institute)

  • Hirsch, Barry

    () (Georgia State University)

Abstract

Using a common methodology, the effects of unions on wage levels and wage dispersion are estimated for two neighboring countries, Bolivia and Chile, and for the U.S. The analysis shows that unions have broadly similar effects on the wage distribution within these three economies. The findings suggest that the political economy of unions, coupled with market constraints on labor costs, produce commonality in union wage effects that transcend other economic and institutional differences.

Suggested Citation

  • Rios-Avila, Fernando & Hirsch, Barry, 2012. "Unions, Wage Gaps, and Wage Dispersion: New Evidence from the Americas," IZA Discussion Papers 6757, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6757
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Stijn Baert & Eddy Omey, 2015. "Hiring Discrimination Against Pro-union Applicants: The Role of Union Density and Firm Size," De Economist, Springer, vol. 163(3), pages 263-280, September.
    2. Carlos Lamarche, 2015. "Collective bargaining in developing countries," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 183-183, September.
    3. Gustavo Canavire-Bacarreza & Fernando Rios-Avila, 2015. "On the Determinants of Changes in Wage Inequality in Bolivia," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_835, Levy Economics Institute.
    4. Ensar Yilmaz & Sayin San, 2017. "Wage gap and dispersion in a partially unionized structure in Turkey," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 52(2), pages 577-597, March.
    5. repec:col:000442:015650 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:eee:reecon:v:71:y:2017:i:3:p:564-587 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Fernando Rios-Avila, 2017. "Unions and Economic Performance in Developing Countries: Case Studies from Latin America," REVISTA ECOS DE ECONOMÍA, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT, vol. 21(44), pages 4-36, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Latin America; wages; unions; wage dispersion;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects

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