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The Todaro Paradox Revisited

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  • Zenou, Yves

    () (Monash University)

Abstract

The Todaro Paradox states that policies aimed at reducing urban unemployment are bound to backfire: they will raise rather than reduce urban unemployment. The aim of this paper is to reexamine this paradox in the context of efficiency wage and search-matching models. For that, we study a policy that consists in decreasing the urban unemployment benefit. In an efficiency wage model, we find that there is no Todaro paradox while this is not always true in a search-matching model since a decrease in the urban unemployment benefit can increase both urban employment and unemployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Zenou, Yves, 2005. "The Todaro Paradox Revisited," IZA Discussion Papers 1861, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1861
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    Cited by:

    1. Wayne Edwards & Lee Huskey, 2008. "Job search with an external opportunity: an experimental exploration of the Todaro Paradox," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 42(4), pages 807-819, December.
    2. Mathan Satchi & Jonathan Temple, 2006. "Growth and labour markets in developing countries," CEDI Discussion Paper Series 06-12, Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University.
    3. Bandopadhyay, Titas Kumar, 2014. "Efficiency Wage in the Frictional Labour Market- A Theoretical Analysis," MPRA Paper 60124, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Mathan Satchi & Jonathan Temple, 2009. "Labor Markets and Productivity in Developing Countries," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 12(1), pages 183-204, January.
    5. Bandopadhyay, Titas Kumar, 2014. "Efficiency Wage and Endogenous Job Destruction in the DMP Model----- an Extension," MPRA Paper 59564, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Bandopadhyay, Titas Kumar, 2014. "Labour Policies In The DMP Model—A Theoretical Analysis," MPRA Paper 59622, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Sergio Vergalli, 2011. "Entry and Exit Strategies in Migration Dynamics," Journal of Labor Research, Springer, vol. 32(4), pages 362-389, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    efficiency wages; search-matching; rural-urban migration; policy;

    JEL classification:

    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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