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Choices for part-time jobs and the impacts on the wage differentials. A comparative study for Great Britain and the Netherlands


  • Hu, Yongjian

    (Department of general economics, University of Amsterdam)

  • Tijdens, Kea

    (Department of general economics, University of Amsterdam)


This paper uses the European Household Panel (the ECHP) to analyze individuals' choices on part-time jobs and their impacts on the wage differentials. Our study is a comparative study between Great Britain and the Netherlands. In contrast to most of the previous researches on part-time employment, we make a distinction between short part-time and long part-time jobs. The results show that overall women were more likely to take part-time jobs in both countries, but the effect was much stronger in the Netherlands than it was in Great Britain. We find that there was no substantial wage gap between long part-time and full-time jobs in the Netherlands, working long part-time were more likely to be treated as full-time jobs, which may suggest the presence of 'retention part-time jobs' described by Tilly (1996). On the other hand, the results show that part-time workers in Great Britain suffered relatively larger wage penalties, yet, working short part-time was not significantly different from working long part-time because they both received lower wage rates compared to full-time jobs.

Suggested Citation

  • Hu, Yongjian & Tijdens, Kea, 2003. "Choices for part-time jobs and the impacts on the wage differentials. A comparative study for Great Britain and the Netherlands," IRISS Working Paper Series 2003-05, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  • Handle: RePEc:irs:iriswp:2003-05

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kea Tijdens, 2002. "Gender Roles and Labor Use Strategies: Women's Part-Time Work in the European Union," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 71-99.
    2. Dekker, R. & Muffels, R.J.A. & Stancanelli, E.G.F., 1998. "A longitudinal analysis of parttime work by women and men in the Netherlands," WORC Paper 98.12.010, Tilburg University, Work and Organization Research Centre.
    3. Bardasi, Elena & Gornick, Janet C., 2000. "Women and part-time employment: workers' 'choices' and wage penalties in five industrialized countries," ISER Working Paper Series 2000-11, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    4. Elena Bardasi, 2000. "Women and Part-Time Employment: Workers "Choices" and Wage Penalties in Five Industrialized Countries," LIS Working papers 223, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    5. Pot, F. & Koene, B.A.S. & Paauwe, J., 2001. "Contingent Employment in the Netherlands," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2001-04-ORG, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    6. Moffitt, Robert, 1984. "The Estimation of a Joint Wage-Hours Labor Supply Model," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 2(4), pages 550-566, October.
    7. Rosen, Harvey S, 1976. "Taxes in a Labor Supply Model with Joint Wage-Hours Determination," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(3), pages 485-507, May.
    8. Lettau, Michael K., 1997. "Compensation in part-time jobs versus full-time jobs What if the job is the same?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 101-106, September.
    9. John F. Ermisch & Robert E. Wright, 1993. "Wage Offers and Full-Time and Part-Time Employment by British Women," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(1), pages 111-133.
    10. Leeds, Michael A, 1990. "Part-time Status and Hourly Earnings of Black and White Men," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 28(3), pages 544-554, July.
    11. Yoram Barzel, 1973. "The Determination of Daily Hours and Wages," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 87(2), pages 220-238.
    12. Main, Brian G M & Reilly, Barry, 1993. "The Employer Size-Wage Gap: Evidence for Britain," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 60(238), pages 125-142, May.
    13. Montgomery, Mark & Cosgrove, James, 1995. "Are Part-Time Women Paid Less? A Model with Firm-Specific Effects," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 33(1), pages 119-133, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Salladarré, Frédéric & Hlaimi, Boubaker, 2011. "Les femmes et le travail à temps partiel en Europe
      [Women and part time employment in Europe]
      ," MPRA Paper 32479, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Síle O'Dorchai & Robert Plasman & François Rycx, 2007. "The part-time wage penalty in European countries: how large is it for men?," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 28(7), pages 571-603, October.
    3. Auray, Stéphane & Danthine, Samuel, 2010. "Bargaining frictions, labor income taxation, and economic performance," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(6), pages 778-802, August.
    4. Fernández-Kranz, Daniel & Rodríguez-Planas, Núria, 2011. "The part-time pay penalty in a segmented labor market," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 591-606, October.
    5. Alan Manning & Barbara Petrongolo, 2005. "The Part-Time Pay Penalty," CEP Discussion Papers dp0679, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    6. Kerly Krillo & Jaan Masso, 2010. "The Part-Time/Full-Time Wage Gap in Central and Eastern Europe: the Case of Estonia," Research in Economics and Business: Central and Eastern Europe, Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology, vol. 2(1).
    7. Colella, Fabrizio, 2014. "Women's Part-Time - Full-Time Wage Differentials in Europe: an Endogenous Switching Model," MPRA Paper 55287, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Raúl Ramos & Esteban Sanromá & Hipólito Simón, 2015. "An analysis of wage differentials between full-and part-time workers in Spain," Working Papers 2015/29, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    9. repec:aia:aiaswp:wp55 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    short part-time job ; long part-time job and wage differential;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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