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Gender Roles and Labor Use Strategies: Women's Part-Time Work in the European Union

What is the nature of female part-time employment in the European Union? Using data from the Second European Survey on Working Conditions , the author seeks to address this question. The paper examines four regimes of part-time employment. The gender-roles model, which assumes that women work parttime because they are secondary earners or have children at home, ranks first as a predictor of the likelihood that a woman will work part-time. In the responsive firms model, which ranks second in explanatory power, part-time work is primarily seen as the firms' response to workers' demands for fewer working hours. The optimal staffing model assumes that employers will create part-time jobs as a response to the demand for time-related services; it ranks third in explanatory power. Finally, the secondary-labor market model, which assumes job insecurity, poor wages, and poor working conditions, ranks fourth in predicting whether a woman will work part- or full-time.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Feminist Economics.

Volume (Year): 8 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 71-99

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Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:8:y:2002:i:1:p:71-99
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  1. Jill Rubery & Mark Smith & Colette Fagan, 1998. "National Working-Time Regimes and Equal Opportunities," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 71-101.
  2. Danièle Meulders & Olivier Plasman & Robert Plasman, 1994. "Atypical employment in the EC," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/13464, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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