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Lohndifferenziale zwischen Vollzeit- und Teilzeitbeschäftigten in Ost- und Westdeutschland

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  • Wolf, Elke

Abstract

Die Bruttostundenlöhne von Vollzeitbeschäftigten sind im Durchschnitt höher als jene für Arbeitnehmer mit reduzierter Stundenzahl. Darüber hinaus ist die Streuung der Löhne bei Teilzeitbeschäftigten weitaus größer als bei Vollzeitbeschäftigten. Das bedeutet, dass das Risiko, deutlich weniger als den durchschnittlichen Stundenlohn zu verdienen, für Teilzeitbeschäftigte größer ist. Ziel dieser Analyse ist es unter anderem, die Lohnunterschiede zwischen voll- und teilzeitbeschäftigten Frauen und Männern in Ost- und Westdeutschland empirisch zu messen und zu analysieren, in wie weit sie auf beobachtbare Qualifikationsunterschiede und weitere lohnrelevante Einflussfaktoren zurückgeführt werden können. Die empirische Analyse basiert auf Daten der 24. Welle des Sozio-ökonomischen Panels aus dem Jahr 2007. Die Ergebnisse der multivariaten Analyse deuten darauf hin, dass männliche Teilzeitbeschäftigte in Westdeutschland - unabhängig von der Definition von Teilzeitbeschäftigung - signifikante Lohnabschläge gegenüber ihren vollzeitbeschäftigten Kollegen hinnehmen müssen. Im Gegensatz dazu wird bei westdeutschen Frauen eine Abweichung vom Normalarbeitsverhältnis weniger finanziell bestraft. Die Lohnabschläge betreffen insbesondere Beschäftigungsverhältnisse mit 10 bis 15 Stunden pro Woche, die häufig geringfügige Beschäftigungsverhältnisse sind. Weiterhin zeigt sich, dass die Lohnabschläge für Teilzeitbeschäftigte mit der Dauer der Betriebszugehörigkeit und teilweise auch mit dem Qualifikationsniveau variieren. Bei den ostdeutschen Frauen können keine signifikanten Lohnunterschiede festgestellt werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Wolf, Elke, 2010. "Lohndifferenziale zwischen Vollzeit- und Teilzeitbeschäftigten in Ost- und Westdeutschland," WSI Working Papers 174, The Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI), Hans Böckler Foundation.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:wsidps:174
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Krebs, Tom & Scheffel, Martin, 2016. "Structural reform in Germany," Working Papers 16-05, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.
    3. Krebs, Tom & Scheffel, Martin, 2016. "Quantifizierung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Effekte ausgewählter Reformvorschläge der Studie "Reforms, Investment and Growth: An Agenda for France, Germany and Europe"," Working Papers 16-04, University of Mannheim, Department of Economics.
    4. Seckler, Matthias, 2019. "Increasing inequality in lifetime earnings: A tale of educational upgrading and changing employment patterns," University of Tübingen Working Papers in Business and Economics 119, University of Tuebingen, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, School of Business and Economics.
    5. Bachmann, Ronald & Felder, Rahel & Tamm, Marcus, 2018. "Labour market participation and atypical employment over the life cycle: A cohort analysis for Germany," Ruhr Economic Papers 786, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    6. Chirvi, Malte, 2019. "Arbeiten Frauen aufgrund des Ehegattensplittings weniger? Eine empirische Untersuchung für Deutschland," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 241, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.
    7. Chirvi, Malte, 2017. "Arbeiten Frauen aufgrund des Ehegattensplittings weniger? Ein quasi-experimenteller Ansatz für Deutschland," arqus Discussion Papers in Quantitative Tax Research 217, arqus - Arbeitskreis Quantitative Steuerlehre.

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