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Market Power and Monetary Policy Transmission

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  • Mr. Romain A Duval
  • Davide Furceri
  • Raphael Lee
  • Ms. Marina Mendes Tavares

Abstract

We show that firms’ market power dampens the response of their output to monetary policy shocks, using firm-level data for the United States and a large cross-country firm-level dataset for 14 advanced economies. The estimated impact of a firm’s markup on its response to a monetary policy shock is large enough to materially affect monetary policy transmission. We also find some evidence that the role of markup in monetary policy transmission, while independent from other channels, is greater for firms whose characteristics — notably size and age — are likely to be associated with greater financial constraints. We rationalize these findings through a simple partial equilibrium model in which borrowing constraints amplify disproportionately low-markup firms’ responses to changes in interest rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Mr. Romain A Duval & Davide Furceri & Raphael Lee & Ms. Marina Mendes Tavares, 2021. "Market Power and Monetary Policy Transmission," IMF Working Papers 2021/184, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2021/184
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    5. Anastasia Burya & Rui Mano & Mr. Yannick Timmer & Miss Anke Weber, 2022. "Monetary Policy Under Labor Market Power," IMF Working Papers 2022/128, International Monetary Fund.
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    8. Renzhi, Nuobu & Beirne, John, 2023. "Corporate market power and monetary policy transmission in Asia," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
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