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Localization of Collaborations in Knowledge Creation

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  • Inoue, Hiroyasu
  • Nakajima, Kentaro
  • Saito, Yukiko Umeno

Abstract

This study investigates the localization of collaboration in knowledge creation by using the data on Japanese patent applications. Applying distance-based methods, we obtained the following results. First, collaborations are significantly localized at the 5% level with a localization range of approximately 100 km. Second, the localization of collaboration is observed in most technologies. Third, the extent of localization was stable from 1986–2005 despite extensive developments in information and communications technology that facilitate communication between remote organizations. Fourth, the extent of localization is substantially greater in inter-firm collaborations than in intra-firm collaborations. Furthermore, in inter-firm collaborations, the extent of localization is greater in collaborations with small firms. This result suggests that geographic proximity mitigates the firm-border effects in collaborations, especially for small firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Inoue, Hiroyasu & Nakajima, Kentaro & Saito, Yukiko Umeno, 2016. "Localization of Collaborations in Knowledge Creation," HIT-REFINED Working Paper Series 58, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:remfce:58
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hiroyasu Inoue, 2018. "The community structure of business establishments and its properties: evidence from joint patent applications," Evolutionary and Institutional Economics Review, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 465-475, December.
    2. Carlino, Gerald & Kerr, William R., 2015. "Agglomeration and Innovation," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: Gilles Duranton & J. V. Henderson & William C. Strange (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 0, pages 349-404, Elsevier.
    3. Edilberto Tiago Almeida & Raul Mota Silveira Neto & Jaime Macedo Brito Bastos & Rubens Lopes Pereira Silva, 2021. "Location patterns of service activities in large metropolitan areas: the Case of São Paulo," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 67(2), pages 451-481, October.
    4. INOUE Hiroyasu & NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko, 2015. "Innovation and Collaboration Patterns between Research Establishments," Discussion papers 15049, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    5. HAMAGUCHI Nobuaki & KONDO Keisuke, 2015. "Fresh Brain Power and Quality of Innovation in Cities: Evidence from the Japanese patent database," Discussion papers 15108, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    6. Hiroyasu Inoue & Kentaro Nakajima & Tetsuji Okazaki & Yukiko U. Saito, 2022. "Controlling Funds Allocation for the War: The Experience of Japan in the Late 1930s," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-1192, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    7. SAITO Yukiko & YAMAUCHI Isamu, 2015. "Inventors' Mobility and Organizations' Productivity: Evidence from Japanese rare name inventors," Discussion papers 15128, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    8. repec:zbw:bofrdp:urn:nbn:fi:bof-201512111472 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Hiroyasu Inoue & Kentaro Nakajima & Tetsuji Okazaki & Yukiko U. Saito, 2022. "The Role of Face-to-face Contact on Innovation: Evidence from the Spanish Flu Pandemic in Japan," CIGS Working Paper Series 22-007E, The Canon Institute for Global Studies.
    10. INOUE Hiroyasu & NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko, 2017. "The Impact of the Opening of High-Speed Rail on Innovation," Discussion papers 17034, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    11. Carlino, Gerald & Kerr, William R., 2015. "Agglomeration and Innovation," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: Gilles Duranton & J. V. Henderson & William C. Strange (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 0, pages 349-404, Elsevier.
    12. INOUE Hiroyasu & NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko, 2014. "Localization of Knowledge-creating Establishments," Discussion papers 14053, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    13. repec:bof:bofrdp:urn:nbn:fi:bof-201512111472 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:zbw:bofrdp:2015_027 is not listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Knowledge creation; Collaboration; Geographic frictions; Firm-border effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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