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Agglomerative Forces and Cluster Shapes

  • William R. Kerr
  • Scott Duke Kominers

We model spatial clusters of similar firms. Our model highlights how agglomerative forces lead to localized, individual connections among firms, while interaction costs generate a defined distance over which attraction forces operate. Overlapping firm interactions yield agglomeration clusters that are much larger than the underlying agglomerative forces themselves. Empirically, we demonstrate that our model's assumptions are present in the structure of technology and labor flows within Silicon Valley and its surrounding areas. Our model further identifies how the lengths over which agglomerative forces operate influence the shapes and sizes of industrial clusters; we confirm these predictions using variations across both technology clusters and industry agglomeration.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 16639.

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Date of creation: Dec 2010
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Publication status: published as Kerr, William R., and Scott Duke Kominers. "Agglomerative Forces and Cluster Shapes." Review of Economics and Statistics 96, no. 3 (July 2014).
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16639
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