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Localized Knowledge Spillovers: Evidence From The Agglomeration Of American R&D Labs And Patent Data

Author

Listed:
  • Kristy Buzard
  • Gerald A. Carlino
  • Jake Carr
  • Robert M. Hunt
  • Tony E. Smith

Abstract

Supercedes 15-03 We employ a unique data set to examine the spatial clustering of private R&D labs. Instead of using fixed spatial boundaries, we develop a new procedure for identifying the location and size of specific R&D clusters. Thus, we are better able to identify the spatial locations of clusters at various scales, such as a half mile, 1 mile, 5 miles, and more. Assigning patents and citations to these clusters, we capture the geographic extent of knowledge spillovers within them. Our tests show that the localization of knowledge spillovers, as measured via patent citations, is strongest at small spatial scales and diminishes rapidly with distance.

Suggested Citation

  • Kristy Buzard & Gerald A. Carlino & Jake Carr & Robert M. Hunt & Tony E. Smith, 2016. "Localized Knowledge Spillovers: Evidence From The Agglomeration Of American R&D Labs And Patent Data," Working Papers 16-25, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedpwp:16-25
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Crescenzi, Riccardo & Gagliardi, Luisa, 2015. "Moving people with ideas - innovation inter-regional mobility and firm heterogeneity," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 64509, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Tomoya Mori, 2017. "Agglomeration," KIER Working Papers 960, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    3. Stef Proost & Jacques-François Thisse, 2019. "What Can Be Learned from Spatial Economics?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 57(3), pages 575-643, September.
    4. MURATA, Yasusada & NAKAJIMA, Ryo & TAMURA, Ryuichi, 2016. "Testing for localization: A new approach," IIR Working Paper 16-11, Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    5. Enrico Moretti, 2019. "The Effect of High-Tech Clusters on the Productivity of Top Inventors," NBER Working Papers 26270, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Ludovic Dibiaggio & Benjamin Montmartin & Lionel Nesta, 2018. "Regional alignement and productivity growth," Sciences Po publications 25, Sciences Po.
    7. Kristian Behrens, 2016. "Agglomeration and clusters: Tools and insights from coagglomeration patterns," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 49(4), pages 1293-1339, November.
    8. Kristian Behrens & Brahim Boualam & Julien Martin, 2020. "Are clusters resilient? Evidence from Canadian textile industries," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 20(1), pages 1-36.
    9. Sijie Feng, 2020. "The proximity of ideas: An analysis of patent text using machine learning," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(7), pages 1-19, July.
    10. Buzard, Kristy & Carlino, Gerald A. & Hunt, Robert M. & Carr, Jake K. & Smith, Tony E., 2017. "The agglomeration of American R&D labs," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 14-26.
    11. Kristy Buzard & Gerald A. Carlino & Jake Carr & Robert M. Hunt & Tony E. Smith, 2017. "The Agglomeration of American Research and Development Labs," Working Papers 17-18, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    12. Kristian Behrens & Brahim Boualam & Julien Martin, 2016. "The resilience of the Canadian textile industries and clusters to shocks, 2001-2013," CIRANO Project Reports 2016rp-05, CIRANO.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    spatial clustering; geographic concentration; R&D labs; localized knowledge spillovers; patent citations;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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