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A class of spatial econometric methods in the empirical analysis of clusters of firms in the space

  • Giuseppe Arbia

    ()

  • Giuseppe Espa

    ()

  • Danny Quah

    ()

In this paper we aim at identifying stylized facts in order to suggest adequate models of spatial co–agglomeration of industries. We describe a class of spatial statistical methods to be used in the empirical analysis of spatial clusters. Compared to previous contributions using point pattern methods, the main innovation of the present paper is to consider clustering for bivariate (rather than univariate) distributions, which allows uncovering co–agglomeration and repulsion phenomena between the different industrial sectors. Furthermore we present the results of an empirical application of such methods to a set of European Patent Office (EPO) data and we produce a series of empirical evidences referred to the the pair–wise intra–sectoral spatial distribution of patents in Italy in the nineties. In this analysis we are able to identify some distinctive joint patterns of location between patents of different sectors and to propose some possible economic interpretations.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s00181-007-0154-1
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Article provided by Springer in its journal Empirical Economics.

Volume (Year): 34 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 81-103

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Handle: RePEc:spr:empeco:v:34:y:2008:i:1:p:81-103
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  1. Stefano Breschi & Francesco Lissoni, 2001. "Knowledge spillovers and local innovation systems: a critical survey," LIUC Papers in Economics 84, Cattaneo University (LIUC).
  2. Michael Devereux & Rachel Griffith & Helen Simpson, 1999. "The geographic distribution of production activity in the UK," IFS Working Papers W99/26, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  3. Ellison, G. & Glaeser, E.L., 1994. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," Working papers 94-27, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  4. Yannis Ioannides & Henry G. Overman, 2004. "Spatial evolution of the US urban system," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 600, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  5. Jaffe, A.B. & Trajtenberg, M., 1992. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," Papers 14-92, Tel Aviv.
  6. Antonio Ciccone & Robert E. Hall, 1995. "Productivity and the density of economic activity," Economics Working Papers 120, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
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