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Measuring Economic Localization: Evidence from Japanese firm-level data

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  • NAKAJIMA Kentaro
  • SAITO Yukiko
  • UESUGI Iichiro

Abstract

This paper examines the extent of localization in Japan's manufacturing sector using a unique firm-level dataset on the geographic location of firms. Following the point-pattern approach proposed by Duranton and Overman (2005), we find the following. First, approximately half of Japan's manufacturing industries can be classified as localized and the number of localized industries is largest for a distance of 40 km or less. Second, several industries in the textile mill products sector are among the most localized, which is similar to findings for the UK. This suggests that there exist common factors across countries that determine the concentration of industrial activities. Third, the distribution of distances between entrant (exiting) firms and remaining firms is, in most industries, not significantly different from a random distribution. The results by Durantan and Overman (2008) for the UK and our results for Japan suggest that most industries neither become more localized nor more dispersed over time.

Suggested Citation

  • NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko & UESUGI Iichiro, 2010. "Measuring Economic Localization: Evidence from Japanese firm-level data," Discussion papers 10030, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:10030
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. SAITO Yukiko, 2013. "Role of Hub Firms in Geographical Transaction Network," Discussion papers 13080, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. TOKUNAGA Suminori & KAGEYAMA Masahiro & AKUNE Yuko & NAKAMURA Ryohei, 2012. "Empirical Analysis of Agglomeration Economies in Japanese Assembly-type Manufacturing Industry for 1985-2000: Using a flexible translog production function," Discussion papers 12082, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    3. Nakajima, Kentaro & Saito, Yukiko Umeno & Uesugi, Iichiro, 2012. "The Localization of Interfirm Transaction Relationships and Industry Agglomeration," Working Paper Series 17, Center for Interfirm Network, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    4. Yamashita, Nobuaki & Matsuura, Toshiyuki & Nakajima, Kentaro, 2014. "Agglomeration effects of inter-firm backward and forward linkages: Evidence from Japanese manufacturing investment in China," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 24-41.
    5. NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko & UESUGI Iichiro, 2013. "Role of Inter-firm Transactions on Industrial Agglomeration: Evidence from Japanese firm-level data," Discussion papers 13021, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    6. INOUE Hiroyasu & NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko, 2014. "Localization of Knowledge-creating Establishments," Discussion papers 14053, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    7. Steven Brakman & Harry Garretsen & Zhao Zhao, 2017. "Spatial concentration of manufacturing firms in China," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 96, pages 179-205, March.
    8. INOUE Hiroyasu & NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko, 2013. "Localization of Collaborations in Knowledge Creation," Discussion papers 13070, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    9. Behrens, Kristian & Bougna, Théophile, 2015. "An anatomy of the geographical concentration of Canadian manufacturing industries," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 47-69.
    10. Kofanov, D. & Mikhailova, T., 2015. "Geographical Concentration of Soviet Industries: A Comparative Analysis," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 28(4), pages 112-141.
    11. FURUSAWA Taiji & INUI Tomohiko & ITO Keiko & Heiwai TANG, 2018. "Global Sourcing and Domestic Production Networks," Discussion papers 18004, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    12. FUJII Daisuke & NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko, 2015. "Determinants of Industrial Coagglomeration and Establishment-level Productivity," Discussion papers 15077, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    13. Hatfield, John William & Hauk, William R., 2014. "Electoral regime and trade policy," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 518-534.
    14. Eric Marcon & Florence Puech, 2012. "A typology of distance-based measures of spatial concentration," Working Papers halshs-00679993, HAL.
    15. Taiji Furusawa & Tomohiko Inui & Keiko Ito & Heiwai Tang, 2017. "Global Sourcing and Domestic Production Networks," CESifo Working Paper Series 6658, CESifo Group Munich.
    16. Juan Tomas Sayago-Gomez & Adam Nowak, 2016. "What is Near and Recent in Crime for a Homeowner? The Cases of Denver and Seattle," Working Papers Working Paper 2016-01, Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University.
    17. Kentaro Nakajima & Yukiko Saito & Iichiro Uesugi, 2012. "The Localization of Interfirm Transaction Relationships," ERSA conference papers ersa12p503, European Regional Science Association.
    18. Marcon, Eric & Puech, Florence, 2017. "A typology of distance-based measures of spatial concentration," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 56-67.
    19. Gabriel Lang & Eric Marcon & Florence Puech, 2016. "Distance-Based Measures Of Spatial Concentration: Introducing A Relative Density Function," Working Papers hal-01082178, HAL.
    20. Kristian Behrens & Brahim Boualam & Julien Martin, 2016. "The resilience of the Canadian textile industries and clusters to shocks, 2001-2013," CIRANO Project Reports 2016rp-05, CIRANO.
    21. Wenchao WU & Shaosheng JIN & Suminori TOKUNAGA, 2016. "Testing Localization Of Chinese Food Industries: Evidence From Microgeographic Data," Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3), pages 202-217, November.
    22. Marta R. Casanova & Vicente Orts & José M. Albert, 2017. "Sectoral scope and colocalisation of Spanish manufacturing industries," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 65-92, January.
    23. NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SAITO Yukiko Umeno & UESUGI Iichiro, 2012. "Localization of Interfirm Transaction Relationships and Industry Agglomeration," Discussion papers 12023, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

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    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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