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Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters

Listed author(s):
  • KARBOWNIK, Krzysztof
  • WRAY, Anthony

We utilize the individual-level World War I Draft Registration Cards matched to late-nineteenth century hurricane paths and the 1940 U.S. Census to explore whether fetal and early childhood exposure to stress caused by hurricanes affects human capital development and labor market outcomes in adulthood. Difference-in-differences estimates indicate that white males who were born in the South and experienced a hurricane either in utero or as infants had lower income at ages 42 to 53. They are robust to alternate specifications of either the treatment or outcome variables, as well as changes in the tolerance for imperfectly matched historical data.

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File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/28163/1/070_hiasDP-E-36.pdf
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Paper provided by Hitotsubashi Institute for Advanced Study, Hitotsubashi University in its series Discussion paper series with number HIAS-E-36.

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Length: 63 p.
Date of creation: Nov 2016
Handle: RePEc:hit:hiasdp:hias-e-36
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  17. Celeste K. Carruthers & Marianne H. Wanamaker, 2015. "Separate and Unequal in the Labor Market: Human Capital and the Jim Crow Wage Gap," Working Papers 2015-01, University of Tennessee, Department of Economics.
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  20. Tatyana Deryugina, 2016. "The Fiscal Cost of Hurricanes: Disaster Aid Versus Social Insurance," NBER Working Papers 22272, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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