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Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters

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  • KARBOWNIK, Krzysztof
  • WRAY, Anthony

Abstract

We utilize the individual-level World War I Draft Registration Cards matched to late-nineteenth century hurricane paths and the 1940 U.S. Census to explore whether fetal and early childhood exposure to stress caused by hurricanes affects human capital development and labor market outcomes in adulthood. Difference-in-differences estimates indicate that white males who were born in the South and experienced a hurricane either in utero or as infants had lower income at ages 42 to 53. They are robust to alternate specifications of either the treatment or outcome variables, as well as changes in the tolerance for imperfectly matched historical data.

Suggested Citation

  • KARBOWNIK, Krzysztof & WRAY, Anthony, 2016. "Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters," Discussion paper series HIAS-E-36, Hitotsubashi Institute for Advanced Study, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:hiasdp:hias-e-36
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    2. Araújo, Daniel & Carrillo, Bladimir & Sampaio, Breno, 2021. "The Long-Run Economic Consequences of Iodine Supplementation," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(C).
    3. Bommer, Christian & Dreher, Axel & Perez-Alvarez, Marcello, 2022. "Home bias in humanitarian aid: The role of regional favoritism in the allocation of international disaster relief," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 208(C).
    4. Victor Hugo de Oliveira & Ines Lee & Climent Quintana-Domeque, 2021. "Natural Disasters and Early Human Development: Hurricane Catarina and Infant Health in Brazil," Working Papers 2021-005, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
    5. Alberto Palloni & Mary McEniry & Yiyue Huangfu & Hiram Beltran-Sanchez, 2020. "Impacts of the 1918 flu on survivors' nutritional status: A double quasi-natural experiment," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(10), pages 1-25, October.
    6. Lin, Youhong & Liu, Feng & Xu, Peng, 2021. "Long-term effects of early-life exposure to tropical cyclones," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 69(C).
    7. Robles Cariaga, Diego Orlando, 2021. "The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Labour Force Participation in Chile : Evidence from a Difference-in-Differences approach," Warwick-Monash Economics Student Papers 29, Warwick Monash Economics Student Papers.
    8. Snaebjorn Gunnsteinsson & Achyuta Adhvaryu & Parul Christian & Alain Labrique & Jonathan Sugimoto & Abu Ahmed Shamim & Keith P. West Jr, 2019. "Protecting Infants from Natural Disasters: The Case of Vitamin A Supplementation and a Tornado in Bangladesh," NBER Working Papers 25969, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Prenatal stress; natural disasters; labor market outcomes;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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