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Cohort Effects on Earnings Profiles: Evidence from Sweden

The cohort crowding literature suggests that the size of one´s generation, or cohort, has repercussions on the level and shape of one´s earnings profile. We estimate cohort size effects on earnings profiles and further assess whether these profiles are affected by the individuals´position in the Baby Boom. Using a rich individual based panel data set, we follow the Swedish Baby Boomers of the 1940´s and the following Baby Bust of the 1950´s from 1968 to 1999. Our results indicate that there are significant cohort effects on the earnings profile which are fairly consistent across gender but not across education levels. Large cohorts have a higher overall earnings level than small cohorts. Cohorts born in an upswing of a boom have a higher earnings level than cohorts born in a downswing. The effects on return to experience vary across education and experience levels.

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File URL: http://www.framtidsstudier.se/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/20051201133525filZ6FK94z49I39GI5Ry9mW.pdf
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Paper provided by Institute for Futures Studies in its series Arbetsrapport with number 2003:3.

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Length: 50 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifswps:2003_003
Note: ISBN 91-89655-32-X
Contact details of provider: Postal: Institute for Futures Studies, Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: 08-402 12 00
Fax: 08-24 50 14
Web page: http://www.framtidsstudier.se
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  1. Skans, Oskar Nordstrom, 2005. "Age effects in Swedish local labor markets," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 86(3), pages 419-426, March.
  2. Finis Welch, 1979. "Effects of Cohort Size on Earnings: The Baby Boom Babies' Financial Bust," UCLA Economics Working Papers 146, UCLA Department of Economics.
  3. Robert Shimer, 1999. "The Impact of Young Workers on the Aggregate Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 7306, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Edin, P.-A. & Fredriksson, P., 2000. "LINDA - Longitudinal INdividual DAta for Sweden," Papers 2000-19, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  5. Frank E. Nothaft, 1985. "The effect of cohort size on human capital investment and earnings growth," Working Paper Series / Economic Activity Section 42, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  6. Diane Macunovich, 1999. "The Fortune of One's Birth: Relative Cohort Size and the Youth Labor Market in the United States," Center for Policy Research Working Papers 6, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.
  7. Klevmarken, Anders, 1982. "Household Market and Nonmarket Activities (HUS) – A Pilot Study," Working Paper Series 77, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  8. Sanders Korenman & David Neumark, 2000. "Cohort Crowding and Youth Labor Markets (A Cross-National Analysis)," NBER Chapters, in: Youth Employment and Joblessness in Advanced Countries, pages 57-106 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Stapleton, David C & Young, Douglas J, 1988. "Educational Attainment and Cohort Size," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(3), pages 330-61, July.
  10. Klevmarken, N Anders, 1993. "Demographics and the Dynamics of Earnings," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 105-22, May.
  11. Welch, Finis, 1979. "Effects of Cohort Size on Earnings: The Baby Boom Babies' Financial Bust," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages S65-97, October.
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