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Welfare Enhancing Marginal Tax Rates: The Case of Publicly Provided Day Care

  • Blomquist, Sören

    (Institute for Futures Studies)

  • Christiansen, Vidar

    ()

    (University of Oslo)

There is a well established case for public provision of certain private goods when the government pursues income redistribution under asymmetric information about the skill levels of the agents of the economy. This paper higlights the role of tax funding of day care for children, which is a striking example of a valid case for public provision. We demonstrate that the optimal income tax should face alla agents with the (social) cost of the day care they need in order to earn futher income. In this sense day care should not be subsidised. It is simply paid for via the tax bill. However, such a payment scheme, rather than a day care fee, is crucial for alleviating the self-selection constraint of the asymmetric information, non-linear income tax model, as it imposes a burden of paying for superfluous day care on a mimicking high-skilled agent. Also, deviating from conventional preference assumptions, we show that heterogeneity of preferences for work and day care does not invalidate the Pareto improving properties of this kind of public provision.

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Paper provided by Institute for Futures Studies in its series Arbetsrapport with number 2004:6.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifswps:2004_006
Note: ISSN 1652-120X ISBN 91-89655-55-9
Contact details of provider: Postal: Institute for Futures Studies, Box 591, SE-101 31 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: 08-402 12 00
Fax: 08-24 50 14
Web page: http://www.framtidsstudier.se
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  7. Ranehill, Eva, 2002. "Social snedrekrytering till högre studier - En litteraturöversikt," Arbetsrapport 2002:10, Institute for Futures Studies.
  8. Lisa M. Powell, 2002. "Joint Labor Supply and Childcare Choice Decisions of Married Mothers," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 37(1), pages 106-128.
  9. Besley, Timothy & Coate, Stephen, 1991. "Public Provision of Private Goods and the Redistribution of Income," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 979-84, September.
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  13. Miguel Gouveia, 1997. "Majority rule and the public provision of a private good," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 93(3), pages 221-244, December.
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