Optimal Nonlinear Income Taxation with a Two-Dimensional Population; A Computational Approach
We consider the optimal income tax problem when income differences are due to differences in abilities and in preferences between consumption and leisure among individuals. We model this problem as an optimal control problem and develop a numerical method for solving it. The method is based on the expansion of state and control variables in Lagrange series and on a spectral collocation method for approximating state equations. In this way the optimal control problem is reduced to a parameter optimization problem. The problem is difficult to solve, but we managed to do so with some limitations. On the basis of our calculations we conclude that the tax system in the two-dimensional case is more redistributive compared to that obtained from the one-dimensional model. Citation Copyright 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Volume (Year): 13 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
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