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Education and criminal behavior: insights from an expansion of upper secondary school

Author

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  • Åslund, Olof

    () (IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy)

  • Grönqvist, Hans

    () (SOFI, Stockholm University)

  • Hall, Caroline

    () (IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy)

  • Vlachos, Jonas

    () (Department of Economics, Stockholm University)

Abstract

We study the impact on criminal activity from a large scale Swedish reform of vocational upper secondary education, extending programs from two to three years and adding more general theoretical content. The reform directly concerns age groups where criminal activity is high and students who are highly overrepresented among criminal offenders. The nature of the reform and the rich administrative data allow us to shed light on several behavioral mechanisms. Our results show that the prolonged and more general education lead to a reduction in property crime, but no significant decrease in violent crime. The effect is mainly concentrated to the third year after enrollment, which suggests that being in school reduces the opportunities and/or inclinations to commit crime.

Suggested Citation

  • Åslund, Olof & Grönqvist, Hans & Hall, Caroline & Vlachos, Jonas, 2015. "Education and criminal behavior: insights from an expansion of upper secondary school," Working Paper Series 2015:15, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2015_015
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Lindgren, Karl-Oskar & Oskarsson, Sven & Persson, Mikael, 2017. "Can increased education help reduce the political opportunity gap?," Working Paper Series 2017:12, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    2. Åslund, Olof & Grönqvist, Hans & Hall, Caroline & Vlachos, Jonas, 2018. "Education and criminal behavior: Insights from an expansion of upper secondary school," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 178-192.
    3. Nordin , Martin, 2014. "Does Eligibility for Tertiary Education Affect Crime Rates? Quasi-Experimental Evidence," Working Papers 2014:14, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    4. Ylenia Brilli & Marco Tonello, 2018. "Does Increasing Compulsory Education Decrease or Displace Adolescent Crime? New Evidence from Administrative and Victimization Data," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 64(1), pages 15-49.
    5. Hultkrantz, Lars & Vimefall, Elin, 2016. "Social Investment Funds in Sweden: Status and Design Issues," Working Papers 2016:1, Örebro University, School of Business.
    6. Franz Westermaier, 2016. "The Impact of Lengthening the School Day on Substance Abuse and Crime: Evidence from a German High School Reform," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1616, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    7. repec:eee:labeco:v:52:y:2018:i:c:p:160-177 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:eee:labeco:v:52:y:2018:i:c:p:147-148 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education; delinquency;

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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