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North-South Standards Harmonization and International Trade

  • Anne-Célia Disdier

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Lionel Fontagné

    ()

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique, Department of Economics - European University Institute, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Olivier Cadot

    (UNIL - Université de Lausanne)

Recent years have seen a surge in economic integration agreements (EIAs) and the development of non-tariff measures (NTMs). As a consequence, a growing number of EIAs include provisions on NTMs. However, little attention has been given in the literature to the effects of NTM liberalization in the context of EIAs. In this paper, we focus on provisions for technical regulations and analyze whether the North-South harmonization of technical barriers affects international trade. Using a gravity equation, we test whether, as a result of the deep integration associated with standards provisions included in the EIA, the Southern partners' trade expands with the North, but at the expense of their trade with non-bloc Southern partners. Empirical results provide strong support for this conjecture. Moreover, harmonization on the basis of regional standards negatively impacts the exports of developing countries to the North.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" with number hal-00975529.

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Date of creation: 2015
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Publication status: Published in World Bank Economic Review, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2015, 29 (2), pp.327-352. <10.1093/wber/lht039>
Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:hal-00975529
DOI: 10.1093/wber/lht039
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00975529
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