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North-South Standards Harmonization and International Trade

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  • Anne-Célia Disdier

    () (PSE - Paris School of Economics, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Lionel Fontagné

    () (PSE - Paris School of Economics, CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - Centre d'analyse stratégique, Department of Economics - European University Institute, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Olivier Cadot

    () (UNIL - Université de Lausanne)

Abstract

Recent years have seen a surge in economic integration agreements (EIAs) and the development of non-tariff measures (NTMs). As a consequence, a growing number of EIAs include provisions on NTMs. However, little attention has been given in the literature to the effects of NTM liberalization in the context of EIAs. In this paper, we focus on provisions for technical regulations and analyze whether the North-South harmonization of technical barriers affects international trade. Using a gravity equation, we test whether, as a result of the deep integration associated with standards provisions included in the EIA, the Southern partners' trade expands with the North, but at the expense of their trade with non-bloc Southern partners. Empirical results provide strong support for this conjecture. Moreover, harmonization on the basis of regional standards negatively impacts the exports of developing countries to the North.

Suggested Citation

  • Anne-Célia Disdier & Lionel Fontagné & Olivier Cadot, 2015. "North-South Standards Harmonization and International Trade," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" hal-00975529, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:hal-00975529
    DOI: 10.1093/wber/lht039
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00975529
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    Cited by:

    1. Patricia AUGIER & Olivier CADOT & Marion DOVIS, 2016. "Regulatory harmonization, profits, and productivity: Firm-level evidence from Morocco," Working Papers P162, FERDI.
    2. Sommer, Christoph, 2017. "Drivers and constraints for adopting sustainability standards in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)," Discussion Papers 21/2017, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).
    3. Kyle Bagwell & Chad P. Bown & Robert W. Staiger, 2016. "Is the WTO Passé?," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 54(4), pages 1125-1231, December.
    4. Fontagné, Lionel & Orefice, Gianluca, 2018. "Let’s try next door: Technical Barriers to Trade and multi-destination firms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 643-663.
    5. Santeramo, Fabio G., 2017. "On Non-Tariff Measures and Changes in Trade Routes: From North-North to South-South Trade?," 2017 International Congress, August 28-September 1, 2017, Parma, Italy 263493, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    6. Jaime DE MELO & Marcelo OLARREAGA, 2017. "Trade Related Institutions and Development," Working Papers P199, FERDI.
    7. Julia Schmidt & Walter Steingress, 2019. "No double standards: quantifying the impact of standard harmonization on trade," Working papers 729, Banque de France.
    8. Puruweti SIYAKIYA, 2017. "The Impact of Technical Regulations on Trade: Evidence from South Africa," Journal of Economics Library, KSP Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 64-75, March.
    9. Gianluca Orefice, 2017. "Non-Tariff Measures, Specific Trade Concerns and Tariff Reduction," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(9), pages 1807-1835, September.
    10. Cadot, Olivier, 2014. "NTM harmonization, profits, and productivity: Firm-level evidence from Morocco," Papers 780, World Trade Institute.
    11. Antoine Berthou & Hélène Ehrhart, 2017. "Trade networks and colonial trade spillovers," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(4), pages 891-923, September.
    12. Lorena Tudela-Marco & Jose Maria Garcia-Alvarez-Coque & Luisa Martí-Selva, 2017. "Do EU Member States Apply Food Standards Uniformly? A Look at Fruit and Vegetable Safety Notifications," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(2), pages 387-405, March.
    13. Alvarez-Coque, Jose Maria & Marco, Lorena & Sleva, Maria Luisa, 2015. "Investigating differences in safety border notifications on fruita nd vegetables imports," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211645, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    14. John C. Beghin & Bo Xiong, 2016. "Economic Effects of Standard-Like Nontariff Measures: Analytical and Methodological Dimensions," Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications 16-wp569, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University.
    15. Boza, Sofía, 2013. "Assessing the impact of sanitary, phytosanitary and technical requirements on food and agricultural trade: what does current research tell us?," Papers 926, World Trade Institute.
    16. José Manuel Álvarez Zárate (Editor), 2016. "¿Hacia dónde va América Latina respecto al derecho económico internacional?," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Derecho, number 860, december.
    17. Fabio Gaetano Santeramo & Valentina Guerrieri & Emilia Lamonaca, 2018. "On the Evolution of Trade and Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards: The Role of Trade Agreements," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-15, December.
    18. Taghouti, Ibtissem & Martinez-Gomez, Victor & Coque, José María Garcia Alvarez, 2015. "Exploring Eu Food Safety Notifications On Agro-Food Imports: Are Mediterranean Partner Countries Discriminated?," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 3(2), pages 1-15, April.
    19. Benjamin Jung, 2016. "Trade creating oder Trade diverting - Ökonomische Perspektiven auf den Abbau technischer Handelshemmnisse in multilateralem oder regionalem Rahmen," IAW Discussion Papers 127, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
    20. Christian Elleby & Wusheng Yu & Qian Yu, 2018. "The Chinese Export Displacement Effect Revisited," IFRO Working Paper 2018/02, University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics.

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    Keywords

    trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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