Education, Convergence and Carbon Dioxide Growth per Capita
This paper examines the existence of convergence and the importance of education on carbon dioxide growth per capita, over the period 1970-2004 for 85 countries. We use panel data and apply GMM-System estimation. This rigorous approach takes into account the observed and unobserved heterogeneity of countries, and solves the endogeneity problems associated with some variables. Our results suggest a divergence in per capita carbon dioxide emissions around the world, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide emissions growth. Contrary to commonly held beliefs based on intuition, we provide evidence that, in developing countries, there is no convergence, and that education is not a factor in carbon dioxide growth. In developed countries, we find a convergence for per capita carbon dioxide emissions. Education was found to be a factor in pollution growth, although its effect is mitigated by the presence of political institutions.
|Date of creation:||2011|
|Publication status:||Published in African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 2011, Volume 3 (Number 1), pp.65-85|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00684315|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
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