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The Effects of Biased Technological Changes on Total Factor Productivity: A Rejoinder and New Empirical Evidence

  • Cristiano Antonelli

    (University of Torino

  • Francesco Quatraro

    (University of Nice Sophia Antipolis

The paper by Ji and Wang (2013) calls new attention on the analysis of the effects of the direction of technological change. The aim of this paper is to better articulate and test the theoretical arguments that the direction of technological changes has specific effects on the efficiency of the production process and to study the incentives and the processes that lead to its introduction. The decomposition of total factor productivity growth into the bias and the shift effects enables to articulate the hypothesis that the types of technological change whether more neutral or more biased reflect the variety of the innovation processes at work. The evidence of a large sample of European regions tests the hypothesis that regional innovations systems with a strong science base are better able to introduce neutral technological changes while regional innovation systems that rely more upon learning processes and tacit knowledge favor the introduction of directed technologies a form of meta-substitution that aims at exploiting the opportunities provided by the most intensive use of locally abundant factors.

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Paper provided by Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis in its series GREDEG Working Papers with number 2014-01.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2014-01
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