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Maternal Migration and Child Well-being in Peru(Migración materna y bienestar infantil en el Perú)

Author

Listed:
  • Javier Escobal

    () (GRADE)

  • Eva Flores

Abstract

Este Documento de Trabajo encuentra que la migración no sólo influencia a los que emigran, sino que también puede tener efectos intergeneracionales en los hijos. La muestra de la investigación son las madres con antecedentes de migración interna que forman parte del estudio de largo plazo Niños del Milenio, conocido internacionalmente como Young Lives. Comparando a dichas madres con las que no migraron (con los controles adecuados), el estudio halló que la migración materna ha tenido un impacto positivo sobre los resultados nutricionales y el rendimiento cognitivo de sus hijos. El estudio también encontró que existen impactos heterogéneos en los hijos, según los diferentes tipos de trayectoria de la migración (rural a rural, rural a urbano, a ciudades intermedias o la capital, Lima). Ello está asociado con la frecuencia de los diferentes factores que afectan el bienestar del niño: el ingreso económico de sus cuidadores, debido a que la migración puede brindar nuevas oportunidades a aquellos; la información, porque la migración puede permitir a la madre acceder a más información sobre el cuidado de hijos y las prácticas de salud; y el acceso a los servicios porque la migración puede facilitar o dificultar el acceso a los servicios públicos esenciales.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Escobal & Eva Flores, 2009. "Maternal Migration and Child Well-being in Peru(Migración materna y bienestar infantil en el Perú)," Documentos de Trabajo (Niños del Milenio-GRADE) ninosm56, Niños del Milenio (Young Lives).
  • Handle: RePEc:gad:ninosm:ninosm56
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    File URL: http://www.ninosdelmilenio.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/wp56.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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