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Social divisions in school participation and attainment in India: 1983–2004

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  • M. Niaz Asadullah
  • Uma Kambhampati
  • Florencia Lopez Boo

Abstract

This study documents the size and nature of Hindu–Muslim and boy–girl gaps in children’s school participation and attainments in India. Individual-level data from two successive rounds of the National Sample Survey suggest that considerable progress has been made in decreasing the Hindu–Muslim gap. Nonetheless, the gap remains sizeable even after controlling for numerous socio-economic and parental covariates, and the Muslim educational disadvantage in India today is greater than that experienced by girls and Scheduled Caste Hindu children. A gender gap still appears within and between communities, though it is smaller within Muslim communities. While differences in gender and other demographic and socio-economic covariates have recently become more important in explaining the Hindu–Muslim gap, those differences altogether explain only 25% to 45% of the observed schooling gap.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Niaz Asadullah & Uma Kambhampati & Florencia Lopez Boo, 2014. "Social divisions in school participation and attainment in India: 1983–2004," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 38(4), pages 869-893.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:cambje:v:38:y:2014:i:4:p:869-893.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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