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Inequality of opportunity in early childhood development in Morocco over time

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  • El-Kogali,Safaa El Tayeb
  • Krafft,Caroline Gould
  • Abdelkhalek,Touhami
  • Benkassmi,Mohamed
  • Chavez,Monica I.
  • Bassett,Lucy Katherine
  • Ejjanoui,Fouzia
  • El-Kogali,Safaa El Tayeb
  • Krafft,Caroline Gould
  • Abdelkhalek,Touhami
  • Benkassmi,Mohamed
  • Chavez,Monica I.
  • Bassett,Lucy Katherine
  • Ejjanoui,Fouzia

Abstract

Early childhood development is a critical, but often neglected, phase of human development. Shortfalls in early childhood development have historically been a challenge in Morocco, with children facing unequal opportunities to develop because of the circumstances of their birth. This paper examines the roots of inequality in human and economic development in Morocco by focusing on the state of early childhood development, inequality in early childhood development, and trends over time, using several surveys conducted between 2003 and 2012. Large disparities exist in children's chances of healthy early childhood development based on the circumstances of their birth. There have not been consistent improvements in the levels of early childhood development or decreases in inequality over time. This study discusses critical directions for future policy on early childhood development to address the deficits and disparities identified.

Suggested Citation

  • El-Kogali,Safaa El Tayeb & Krafft,Caroline Gould & Abdelkhalek,Touhami & Benkassmi,Mohamed & Chavez,Monica I. & Bassett,Lucy Katherine & Ejjanoui,Fouzia & El-Kogali,Safaa El Tayeb & Krafft,Caroline Go, 2016. "Inequality of opportunity in early childhood development in Morocco over time," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7670, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:7670
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    1. El-Kogali,Safaa El Tayeb & Krafft,Caroline Gould & Abdelkhalek,Touhami & Benkassmi,Mohamed & Chavez,Monica I. & Bassett,Lucy Katherine & Ejjanoui,Fouzia & El-Kogali,Safaa El Tayeb & Krafft,Caroline Go, 2016. "The impact of a community development and poverty reduction program on early childhood development in Morocco," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7671, The World Bank.
    2. Ebaidalla M. Ebaidalla, 2019. "Inequality of opportunity in child health in Sudan: Across-region study," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2019-86, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    3. Touhami Abdelkhalek & Moundir Lassassi, 2018. "Inequality of Opportunity in Early Childhood Development in Algeria Over Time," Working Papers 1254, Economic Research Forum, revised 15 Nov 2018.
    4. Krafft, Caroline & Alawode, Halimat, 2018. "Inequality of opportunity in higher education in the Middle East and North Africa," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 234-244.

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    Keywords

    Educational Sciences; Health Care Services Industry; Nutrition; Early Child and Children'; Early Child and Children's Health; Reproductive Health;
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