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Un-Networking: The Evolution of Networks in the Federal Funds Market

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  • Daniel O. Beltran
  • Valentin Bolotnyy
  • Elizabeth C. Klee

Abstract

Using a network approach to characterize the evolution of the federal funds market during the Great Recession and financial crisis of 2007-2008, we document that many small federal funds lenders began reducing their lending to larger institutions in the core of the network starting in mid-2007. But an abrupt change occurred in the fall of 2008, when small lenders left the federal funds market en masse and those that remained lent smaller amounts, less frequently. We then test whether changes in lending patterns within key components of the network were associated with increases in counterparty and liquidity risk of banks that make up the core of the network. Using both aggregate and bank-level network metrics, we find that increases in counterparty and liquidity risk are associated with reduced lending activity within the network. We also contribute some new ways of visualizing financial networks.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel O. Beltran & Valentin Bolotnyy & Elizabeth C. Klee, 2015. "Un-Networking: The Evolution of Networks in the Federal Funds Market," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-55, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2015-55
    DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2015.055
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    File URL: http://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/feds/2015/files/2015055pap.pdf
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.17016/FEDS.2015.055
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    7. Kris James Mitchener & Gary Richardson, 2013. "Shadowy Banks and Financial Contagion during the Great Depression: A Retrospective on Friedman and Schwartz," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 103(3), pages 73-78, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Reis, Ricardo, 2016. "Funding quantitative easing to target inflation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 86222, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Dasha Safonova, 2017. "Interbank Network Disruptions and The Real Economy," 2017 Meeting Papers 1568, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Giulio Bottazzi & Alessandro De Sanctis & Fabio Vanni, 2016. "Non-performing loans, systemic risk and resilience in financial networks," LEM Papers Series 2016/08, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    4. Jonathan Chiu & Jens Eisenschmidt & Cyril Monnet, 2020. "Relationships in the Interbank Market," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 35, pages 170-191, January.
    5. León, Carlos & Machado, Clara & Sarmiento, Miguel, 2018. "Identifying central bank liquidity super-spreaders in interbank funds networks," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 75-92.
    6. Toshiyuki Sakiyama & Tetsuya Yamada, 2016. "Market Liquidity and Systemic Risk in Government Bond Markets: A Network Analysis and Agent-Based Model Approach," IMES Discussion Paper Series 16-E-13, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
    7. Jin-Wook Chang, 2019. "Collateralized Debt Networks with Lender Default," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2019-083, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banks; credit unions; and other financial institutions; counterparty credit risk; data visualization; network models;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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