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Settlement delays in the money market

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  • Bartolini, Leonardo
  • Hilton, Spence
  • McAndrews, James J.

Abstract

We track 38,000 money market trades from execution to delivery and return, and provide a first empirical analysis of settlement delays in financial markets. In accord with the predictions of recent models of strategic settlement of financial claims, we document a tendency by lenders to delay delivery of loaned funds until the afternoon hours. We find banks to follow a simple strategy to manage the risk of account overdrafts, by delaying settlement of large payments relative to that of small payments. More sophisticated strategies such as increasing delays when own liquid balances are low and when dealing with small trading partners play a marginal role. We find evidence of strategic delay also when returning borrowed funds, although we can explain a smaller fraction of the dispersion in delays in the return than in delivery leg of money market lending.

Suggested Citation

  • Bartolini, Leonardo & Hilton, Spence & McAndrews, James J., 2010. "Settlement delays in the money market," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 934-945, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:34:y:2010:i:5:p:934-945
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    2. Adam Ashcraft & James Mcandrews & David Skeie, 2011. "Precautionary Reserves and the Interbank Market," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(s2), pages 311-348, October.
    3. Bech, Morten L. & Atalay, Enghin, 2010. "The topology of the federal funds market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 389(22), pages 5223-5246.
    4. Pokutta, Sebastian & Schmaltz, Christian, 2011. "Managing liquidity: Optimal degree of centralization," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 627-638, March.
    5. Thomas Nellen, 2015. "Collateralised liquidity, two-part tariff and settlement coordination," Working Papers 2015-13, Swiss National Bank.
    6. Pritsker, Matthew, 2013. "Knightian uncertainty and interbank lending," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 85-105.
    7. Bech, Morten L. & Bergstrom, Carl T. & Rosvall, Martin & Garratt, Rodney J., 2015. "Mapping change in the overnight money market," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 424(C), pages 44-51.
    8. Nellen, Thomas, 2019. "Intraday liquidity facilities, late settlement fee and coordination," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 124-131.
    9. Quinn, Stephen & Roberds, William, 2014. "How Amsterdam got fiat money," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 1-12.
    10. Gara M. Afonso & Ricardo Lagos, 2012. "An empirical study of trade dynamics in the interbank market," Staff Reports 550, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    11. Babus, Ana & Hu, Tai-Wei, 2017. "Endogenous intermediation in over-the-counter markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 125(1), pages 200-215.
    12. Elizabeth C. Klee, 2011. "The first line of defense: the discount window during the early stages of the financial crisis," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2011-23, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    13. B. Craig & D. Salakhova & M. Saldias, 2018. "Payments delay: propagation and punishment," Working papers 671, Banque de France.
    14. Maddaloni, Giuseppe, 2015. "Liquidity risk and policy options," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 514-527.

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