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Illiquidity in the Interbank Payment System Following Wide‐Scale Disruptions

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  • MORTEN L. BECH
  • RODNEY J. GARRATT

Abstract

We show how the interbank payment system can become illiquid following wide-scale disruptions. Two forces are at play in such disruptions-operational problems and changes in participants' behavior. We model the interbank payment system as an n-player game and utilize the concept of a potential function to describe the process by which one of multiple equilibria emerges after a wide-scale disruption. If the disruption is large enough, hits a key geographic area, or hits a "too-big-to-fail" participant, then the coordination of payment processing can break down, and central bank intervention might be required to reestablish the socially efficient equilibrium. We also explore how the network topology of the underlying payment flow among banks affects the resiliency of coordination. The paper provides a theoretical framework to analyze the effects of events such as the September 11 attacks.
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Suggested Citation

  • Morten L. Bech & Rodney J. Garratt, 2012. "Illiquidity in the Interbank Payment System Following Wide‐Scale Disruptions," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 44(5), pages 903-929, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:44:y:2012:i:5:p:903-929
    DOI: j.1538-4616.2012.00515.x
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1538-4616.2012.00515.x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James J. McAndrews & Simon M. Potter, 2002. "Liquidity effects of the events of September 11, 2001," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Nov, pages 59-79.
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    8. Rausser, Gordon C. & Simon, Leo K. & Zhao, Jinhua, 2000. "Environmental Remedies: An Incomplete Information Aggregation Game," Berkeley Olin Program in Law & Economics, Working Paper Series qt9z00731z, Berkeley Olin Program in Law & Economics.
    9. Franklin Allen & Douglas Gale, 1998. "Financial Contagion Journal of Political Economy," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 98-31, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
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    Cited by:

    1. Galbiati, Marco & Soramäki, Kimmo, 2011. "An agent-based model of payment systems," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 859-875, June.
    2. Morten L. Bech & James T. E. Chapman & Rod Garratt, 2008. "Which bank is the "central" bank? an application of Markov theory to the Canadian Large Value Transfer System," Staff Reports 356, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    3. Leinonen, Harry, 2009. "Simulation analyses and stress testing of payment networks," Scientific Monographs, Bank of Finland, number 2009_042, December.
    4. Marc Pröpper & Iman van Lelyveld & Ronald Heijmans, 2008. "Towards a Network Description of Interbank Payment Flows," DNB Working Papers 177, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    5. Upper, Christian, 2011. "Simulation methods to assess the danger of contagion in interbank markets," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 111-125, August.
    6. Thorsten Koeppl & Cyril Monnet & Theodosios Temzelides, 2007. "A dynamic model of the payment system," Working Papers 07-22, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    7. Morten L. Bech & Antoine Martin & James J. McAndrews, 2012. "Settlement liquidity and monetary policy implementation—lessons from the financial crisis," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Mar, pages 3-20.
    8. Ronald Heijmans & Richard Heuver, 2011. "Is this bank ill? The diagnosis of doctor TARGET2," DNB Working Papers 316, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    9. Ronald Heijmans & Richard Heuver & Clement Levallois & Iman van Lelyveld, 2014. "Dynamic visualization of large transaction networks: the daily Dutch overnight money market," DNB Working Papers 418, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    10. Clara Machado & Carlos León & Miguel Sarmiento & Freddy Cepeda & Orlando Chipatecua & Jorge Cely, 2011. "Riesgo Sistémico Y Estabilidad Del Sistema De Pagos De Alto Valor En Colombia: Análisis Bajo," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 29(65), pages 106-175, Junio.
    11. Constanza Martínez & Freddy Cepeda, 2015. "Reaction Functions of the Participants in Colombia’s Large-value Payment System," Borradores de Economia 875, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    12. Benos, Evangelos & Ferrara, Gerardo & Gurrola-Perez, Pedro, 2017. "The impact of de-tiering in the United Kingdom’s large-value payment system," Bank of England working papers 676, Bank of England.
    13. Peter Heemeijer & Ronald Heijmans, 2015. "Central bank intervention in large value payment systems: An experimental approach," DNB Working Papers 466, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    14. Bech, Morten L. & Chapman, James T.E. & Garratt, Rodney J., 2010. "Which bank is the "central" bank?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(3), pages 352-363, April.
    15. Chernobai, Anna & Ozdagli, Ali K. & Wang, Jianlin, 2016. "Business complexity and risk management: evidence from operational risk events in U. S. bank holding companies," Working Papers 16-16, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.

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