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Travail et maternité en Europe: conditions de travail et politiques publiques

  • Jérôme De Henau
  • Leila Maron
  • Danièle Meulders
  • Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai

Le but de cette étude est, d'une part, d'analyser le coût de la maternité en termes de conditions et de perspectives de travail et, d'autre part, de mesurer l'impact (positif ou négatif) des politiques publiques sur les décisions des femmes en matière de maternité et d'emploi. Les résultats indiquent que les écarts d'emploi observés entre les femmes sans enfants et les femmes avec enfants en bas âge sont essentiellement imputables à une hausse de l’inactivité dans la plupart des pays. Toutefois, au Luxembourg, en Autriche, au Royaume-Uni et aux Pays-Bas, le travail à temps partiel explique également une part importante de l’écart. En termes de politiques publiques, les systèmes d'accueil d'enfants sont le moyen le plus efficace pour garantir l’accès au travail des parents tandis qu'en ce qui concerne les congés de maternité, leur durée devrait être limitée à la période nécessaire pour se remettre de l'accouchement afin d'éviter de mettre en péril la carrière professionnelle de la mère. Il en est de même pour les congés parentaux. Ce type de congé devrait être obligatoirement partagé entre les deux parents.

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Paper provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its series DULBEA Working Papers with number 07-14.RS.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Publication status: Published by: ULB, DULBEA
Handle: RePEc:dul:wpaper:07-14rs
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://difusion.ulb.ac.be

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