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Foreign Direct Investment, Wage Inequality, and Skilled Labor Demand in EU Accession Countries

Author

Listed:
  • Giovanni S.F. Bruno

    (Università Bocconi,Istituto di Economia Politica)

  • Rosario Crinò

    (Università di Bergamo, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche)

  • Anna M. Falzoni

    (CESPRI, Università Bocconi)

Abstract

During the 1990s Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic have experienced rapid in-creases in wage inequality between skilled and unskilled workers and received the largest FDI inflow in Central and Eastern Europe. Using non-parametric and parametric approaches, this paper analyzes whether FDI has contributed to the raise in earning inequality and to the change in the skill composition of labor demand in the three countries. Our results suggest that, although FDI has not worsened wage inequality by favoring labor demand shifts, it has contributed to raising the skill-premium through the active role played by multinational firms in the transition-induced restructuring process which has resulted in a less compressed wage structure.

Suggested Citation

  • Giovanni S.F. Bruno & Rosario Crinò & Anna M. Falzoni, 2004. "Foreign Direct Investment, Wage Inequality, and Skilled Labor Demand in EU Accession Countries," KITeS Working Papers 154, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Feb 2004.
  • Handle: RePEc:cri:cespri:wp154
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rosario Crinò, 2004. "Wages, Skills and International Integration in Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic: An Industry-Level Analysis," KITeS Working Papers 160, KITeS, Centre for Knowledge, Internationalization and Technology Studies, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy, revised Jul 2004.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lorentowicz, Andzelika & Marin, Dalia & Raubold, Alexander, 2005. "Is Human Capital Losing from Outsourcing? Evidence for Austria and Poland," CEPR Discussion Papers 5344, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Egger, Peter & Eggert, Wolfgang & Winner, Hannes, 2010. "Saving taxes through foreign plant ownership," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 99-108, May.
    3. Peter Nunnenkamp & Rainer Schweickert & Manfred Wiebelt, 2007. "Distributional Effects of FDI: How the Interaction of FDI and Economic Policy Affects Poor Households in Bolivia," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 25(4), pages 429-450, July.
    4. Wen Hao Chen & Michael Förster & Ana Llena-Nozal, 2013. "Globalisation, technological progress and changes in regulations and institutions – which impact on the rise of earnings inequality in OECD countries?," LIS Working papers 597, LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg.
    5. Michael Moritz, 2009. "The impact of European integration on wage differentials in the Bavarian–Czech border region," AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv, Springer;Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft - German Statistical Society, vol. 3(2), pages 137-151, October.
    6. Eva Katalin Polgar & Julia Woerz, 2011. "Trade With Central and Eastern Europe: Is It Really a Threat to Wages in the West?," DANUBE: Law and Economics Review, European Association Comenius - EACO, issue 1, pages 1-31, March.
    7. Crinò, Rosario, 2012. "Imported inputs and skill upgrading," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 957-969.
    8. Fatima, Syeda Tamkeen, 2014. "Off-Shoring and Wage Inequality: where do we stand?," IEE Working Papers 207, Institut fuer Entwicklungsforschung und Entwicklungspolitik, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum.
    9. an de Meulen, Philipp, 2011. "Labor Heterogeneity and the Risk of Expropriation in Less Developed Countries," Ruhr Economic Papers 298, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign direct investment; Labor demand; Wage inequality.;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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