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Effect of Inward Foreign Direct Investment on Income Inequality in Transition Countries

Author

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  • Bhandari, Bornali

    () (Fitchburg State College)

Abstract

This paper empirically tests the link between FDI and income inequality for transitional countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia for the period of 1990 to 2002. The theoretical motivation comes from a model developed in a previous paper, which predicts that inward FDI reduces income inequality for an economy where wage earners outnumber capital owners. Using fixed effects, there is no evidence that FDI inward stocks affect overall income inequality. However, breaking the effect into its components, the statistical evidence suggests that FDI inward stocks exacerbated wage income inequality, while reducing capital income inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhandari, Bornali, 2007. "Effect of Inward Foreign Direct Investment on Income Inequality in Transition Countries," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 22, pages 888-928.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0418
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Francisco H. G. Ferreira, 1999. "Economic transition and the distributions of income and wealth," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 7(2), pages 377-410, July.
    2. Axel Dreher, 2002. "Does Globalization Affect Growth?," Development and Comp Systems 0210004, EconWPA, revised 16 Jun 2003.
    3. Axel Dreher & Noel Gaston, 2008. "Has Globalization Increased Inequality?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(3), pages 516-536, August.
    4. Philippe Aghion & Simon Commander, 1999. "On the dynamics of inequality in the transition," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 7(2), pages 275-298, July.
    5. Feenstra, Robert C. & Hanson, Gordon H., 1997. "Foreign direct investment and relative wages: Evidence from Mexico's maquiladoras," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3-4), pages 371-393, May.
    6. Borraz Fernando & Lopez-Cordova Jose Ernesto, 2007. "Has Globalization Deepened Income Inequality in Mexico?," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-57, February.
    7. Jagdish N. Bhagwati, 2004. "In Defense of Globalization: It Has a Human Face," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 94(6), pages 9-20, November-.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hyungsun Chloe Cho & Miguel D. Ramirez, 2016. "Foreign Direct Investment and Income Inequality in Southeast Asia: a Panel Unit Root and Panel Cointegration Analysis, 1990–2013," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 44(4), pages 411-424, December.
    2. Huang Chao-Hsi & Teng Kai-Fang & Tsai Pan-Long, 2016. "Inward and Outward Foreign Direct Investment and Inequality: Evidence from a Group of Middle-Income Countries," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 16(3), pages 511-538, September.
    3. Meltem Ucal & Alfred Albert Haug & Mehmet Hüseyin Bilgin, 2016. "Income inequality and FDI: evidence with Turkish data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(11), pages 1030-1045, March.
    4. Liu, Wen-Hsien & Tsai, Pan-Long & Tsay, Ching-Lung, 2015. "Domestic impacts of outward FDI in Taiwan: Evidence from panel data of manufacturing firms," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 469-484.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Development; Foreign Direct Investment; FDI; Globalization; Income Inequality; Transition Countries;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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