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Distributional effects of FDI: How the interaction of FDI and economic policy affects poor households in Bolivia

  • Nunnenkamp, Peter
  • Schweickert, Rainer
  • Wiebelt, Manfred

This paper provides a computable general equilibrium analysis of the medium to long-run impact of FDI inflows on poverty and income distribution in Bolivia. The simulation results suggest that FDI inflows enhance economic growth and reduce poverty. However, the income distribution typically becomes more unequal. In particular, FDI widens income disparities between urban and rural areas. The Bolivian government may promote growth-enhancing and poverty-alleviating effects of FDI by overcoming labour market segmentation and providing complementary public investment in infrastructure. Yet, simulated policy reforms or alternative productivity scenarios are hardly effective in reducing the divide between urban and rural areas.

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File URL: http://econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/4251/1/Wiebelt.pdf
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Paper provided by Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics in its series Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Göttingen 2007 with number 35.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:gdec07:6558
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  1. Manfred Wiebelt, 2004. "GEM-PIA: A Real-Financial General Equilibrium Model for Poverty Impact Analysis � Technical Description," Kiel Working Papers 1230, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Easterly, William-R, 2004. "Globalization, Inequality, and Development: The Big Picture," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 22(S1), pages 57-87, December.
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  26. repec:rus:hseeco:121599 is not listed on IDEAS
  27. Bussmann, Margit & de Soysa, Indra & Oneal, John R., 2002. "The Effect Of Foreign Investment On Economic Development And Income Inequality," Discussion Papers 18718, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
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