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Off-Shoring and Wage Inequality: where do we stand?

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  • Fatima, Syeda Tamkeen

Abstract

The distributional impact of globalization is of great academic interest. This paper traces the progression of theoretical trade models and their ability to explain the differential impact of off-shoring on skill premiums (i.e. skilled-unskilled wage dispersion) in the recipient developing countries. In light of the increasing trend of off-shoring activities, it is important to look at its consequence on labor demand and skill composition in the south which can in turn affect the wage dispersion in these economies. The varied impact of off-shoring activities onto the wage dispersion in the south as supported by the empirical evidence calls for a comprehensive model that can reconcile these differences. The class of theoretical models pointing in only one direction of either an increase, decrease or no change in wage dispersion need to be enriched to take account of multiple equilibrium or asymmetric pattern of skill premium obtained under different circumstances.

Suggested Citation

  • Fatima, Syeda Tamkeen, 2014. "Off-Shoring and Wage Inequality: where do we stand?," IEE Working Papers 207, Ruhr University Bochum, Institute of Development Research and Development Policy (IEE).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ieewps:207
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lorentowicz, Andzelika & Marin, Dalia & Raubold, Alexander, 2005. "Is Human Capital Losing from Outsourcing? Evidence for Austria and Poland," CEPR Discussion Papers 5344, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    6. Paolo Figini & Holger Görg, 1999. "Multinational companies and wage inequality in the host country: The case of Ireland," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 135(4), pages 594-612, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Off-shoring; Foreign direct investment; FDI; Wage inequality; Skill premium; Developing south;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F66 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Labor
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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