International Technology Diffusion and the Demand for Skilled Labor: Evidence from East Asia and Latin America
This paper presents new plant-level evidence on the effects of access to international technology diffusion on the demand for skilled workers using data from Investment Climate Surveys performed by the World Bank in Asia and Latin America. Our findings suggest that in Brazil, China and Malaysia foreign direct investment and technology licensing are associated with greater demand for skilled labor, probably because they act as a channel for the diffusion of skilled biased technology developed in industrialized countries. In contrast, exports are negatively related to the demand for skilled workers in China and Malaysia, and to a lesser extent in Brazil, which is consistent with international sales leading to a greater degree of specialization according to the countries' comparative advantage in unskilled labor intensive goods. Finally, imported inputs lead to greater demand for skilled workers in Brazil and Malaysia but the opposite occurs in China, reinforcing the possibility that the specialization of Chinese plants in the production of goods intensive in the use of unskilled labor has more than countervailed the greater access to foreign technology potentially associated with international sales.
|Date of creation:||11 Aug 2004|
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