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Determinantes de los ingresos laborales de los graduados universitarios durante el período 2001-2004

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  • Nohora Y. Forero Ramírez
  • Manuel Ramírez Gómez

Abstract

Teniendo como referente la teoría del capital humano y la de senalización en el mercadolaboral, el documento aborda la influencia de variables socioeconómicas, laborales y algunasrelacionadas con las características de las Instituciones de Educación Superior (IES), sobre elingreso laboral que devengan los recién graduados universitarios en Colombia. Se utiliza lainformación del Observatorio Laboral de la Educación (OLE, 2005) porque, a diferencia deotras encuestas, permite analizar detenidamente el grupo específico de graduados universitariosy obtener información sobre la profesión estudiada y sobre las IES que otorgan los diplomas.Utilizando estimaciones de Mínimos Cuadrados Ordinarios (MCO), Probit Ordenado (PO) yRegresión Intervalo (RI), se encuentra que factores como vivir en Bogotá, ser hombre, tenerpadres más educados y haber obtenido el título en instituciones privadas o acreditadas, serelacionan positivamente con la probabilidad de devengar ingresos laborales mayores. El áreade conocimiento de la profesión estudiada, la posición ocupacional y el tipo de vinculaciónlaboral, también explican los ingresos de la población estudiada.*********************************************************************************************************Using Human Capital and Signaling theories, this paper seeks to explain recent graduates' laborincome in Colombia. Since usual household surveys do not provide specific information toanalyze wage determinants (such as field of study, characteristics of the institution where thedegree was obtained...) this paper uses data from a National Education Ministry´s survey. Themain result is that being man, living in Bogotá, having parents with higher levels of education,or having gotten a degree from a private institution, enhance the probability of obtaining ahigher labor income. Field of study and occupational position also explain wage levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Nohora Y. Forero Ramírez & Manuel Ramírez Gómez, 2008. "Determinantes de los ingresos laborales de los graduados universitarios durante el período 2001-2004," Documentos de Trabajo 004591, Universidad del Rosario.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000092:004591
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    File URL: http://repository.urosario.edu.co/bitstream/handle/10336/10960/4591.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Christian Manuel Posso, 2010. "Desigualdad salarial en Colombia 1984-2005: cambios en la composición del mercado laboral y retornos a la educación post-secundaria," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes – Facultad de Economía – CEDE, December.
    2. Felipe Lozano R., 2009. "Evaluating An Alternative To Finance Higher Education: Human Capital Contracts In Colombia," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, November.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Diplomas; teoría del capital humano; ingresos laborales; diferencias salariales; educación superior; área de estudio;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J44 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Professional Labor Markets and Occupations

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