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¿Es rentable la decisión de estudiar en Colombia?

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  • Carlos Felipe Prada

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Abstract

En este artículo se estudia la dinámica de los retornos de la educación en Colombia entre 1985 y 2000. La metodología econométrica incluye una ecuación de salarios con splines lineales y regresiones por percentiles (RP). Se muestra que los retornos varían a través de diferentes niveles de escolaridad; así, los retornos son altos con educación universitaria; también, como se esperaba, con educación postuniversitaria se tienen retornos altos en algunos años de la muestra. La evidencia proporcionada por RP muestra un comportamiento cíclico del salario real; además, esta metodología también muestra una distribución condicional heterogénea del salario.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Felipe Prada, 2006. "¿Es rentable la decisión de estudiar en Colombia?," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 24(51), pages 226-323, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:003806
    DOI: 10.32468/Espe.5105
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kremer, Michael & Chen, Daniel L, 2002. "Income Distribution Dynamics with Endogenous Fertility," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 227-258, September.
    2. Francois Bourguignon & Francisco H.G. Ferreira & Nora Lustig, 2005. "The Microeconomics of Income Distribution Dynamics in East Asia and Latin America," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14844, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eduardo Borensztein & Eduardo Cavallo & Patricio Valenzuela, 2009. "Debt Sustainability Under Catastrophic Risk: The Case for Government Budget Insurance," Risk Management and Insurance Review, American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 12(2), pages 273-294, September.
    2. Marcela Meléndez Arjona & Arturo Harker Roa, 2008. "Revisiting economic growth in Colombia. A microeconomic perspective," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 009137, Fedesarrollo.
    3. Christian Manuel Posso, 2010. "Desigualdad salarial en Colombia 1984-2005: cambios en la composición del mercado laboral y retornos a la educación post-secundaria," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, December.
    4. Andr�s Felipe Garc�a-Suaza & Juan Carlos Guataqu� & Jos� Alberto Guerra & Dar�o Maldonado, 2014. "Beyond the Mincer equation: the internal rate of return to higher education in Colombia," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(3), pages 328-344, June.
    5. Nohora Yulieth Forero Ramírez & Luis Fernando Gamboa Niño, 2007. "Cambios en los retornos de la educación en Bogotá entre 1997 y 2003," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 66, pages 225-250, Enero-Jun.
    6. Mora, Jhon James & Muro, Juan, 2014. "Consistent estimation in pseudo panels in the presence of selection bias," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 8, pages 1-25.
    7. Marcela Meléndez Arjona & Arturo Harker Roa, 2008. "Revisiting economic growth in Colombia. A microeconomic perspective," WORKING PAPERS SERIES. DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO 009137, FEDESARROLLO.
    8. Nohora Y. Forero Ramírez & Manuel Ramírez Gómez, 2008. "Determinantes de los ingresos laborales de los graduados universitarios durante el período 2001-2004," Documentos de Trabajo 004591, Universidad del Rosario.
    9. Carmiña O. Vargas, 2011. "Desigualdad de salarios en Colombia: evidencia a partir de encuestas de hogares 1984 -2010," Borradores de Economia 661, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    10. Luis E. Arango & Luz A. Flórez & María A. Olarte-Delgado, 2019. "Precio del carbón y dinámica laboral en Valledupar," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, vol. 22(2), pages 313-370, December.
    11. Catherine Rodríguez & Edgar Villa, 2010. "Kidnaps and Migration: Evidence from Colombia," Documentos CEDE 006933, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    12. Nohora Y. Forero Ramírez & Manuel Ramírez Gómez, 2008. "Determinantes de los ingresos laborales de los graduados universitarios en Colombia: un análisis a partir de la Herramienta de Seguimiento a Graduados," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, June.
    13. Guataqui, Juan Carlos & García Suaza, Andrés Felipe & Rodríguez, Mauricio, 2009. "Estimaciones de los determinantes de los ingresos laborales en Colombia con consideraciones diferenciales para asalariados y cuenta propia," Documentos de Trabajo 005756, Universidad del Rosario.
    14. Stefano Farne & Carlos Andrés Vergara, 2008. "Los profesionales colombianos en el siglo XXI ¿Más estudian, más ganan?," OBS. MERCADO DE TRABAJO Y SEGURIDAD SOCIAL 005268, UNIVERSIDAD EXTERNADO DE COLOMBIA.
    15. Andrés Fernando Jola S., 2011. "Determinantes de la calidad de la educación media en Colombia: un análisis de los resultados PISA 2006 y del plan sectorial "Revolución Educativa"," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, June.
    16. Cristian Dario Castillo Robayo & Julimar Da Silva Bichara & Manuel Pérez-Trujillo, 2017. "Retornos salariales para Colombia, un análisis cuantílico," Revista Apuntes del Cenes, Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, vol. 36(63), pages 211-246, January.
    17. Vargas-Riaño, Carmiña Ofelia, 2012. "Cambio tecnológico y desigualdad de salarios : Colombia, 1984-2010," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 5, pages 211-251, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    18. Beatriz Vargas Urrutia, 2013. "Retornos a la educación y migración rural-urbana en Colombia," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, December.
    19. Felipe Lozano R., 2009. "Evaluating An Alternative To Finance Higher Education: Human Capital Contracts In Colombia," Revista de Economía del Rosario, Universidad del Rosario, November.
    20. Hernández, Gustavo Adolfo, 2011. "¿Cuán rentable es la educación superior en Colombia?," Revista Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE, February.
    21. Mauricio Quiñones Domínguez & Juan Antonio Rodríguez Sinisterra, 2011. "Rendimiento de la educación en las regiones colombianas: un análisis usando la Descomposición Oaxaca-Blinder," Revista Sociedad y Economía - CIDSE, Universidad del Valle - CIDSE, August.
    22. Felipe Andrés Lozano-Rojas, 2012. "Human Capital Contracts in Chile: An Exercise Based on Income Data on chilean HE Graduates," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 49(2), pages 185-215, November.
    23. Iván Bornacelly, 2013. "Educación técnica y tecnológica para la reducción de la desigualdad salarial y la pobreza," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE, June.
    24. Paula María Almonacid Hurtado & Armando Lenin Támara Ayús & María Patricia Valero Obando & Javier Mauricio Vega Aponte, 2013. "Determinantes de los ingresos laborales de los contadores públicos de la Universidad EAFIT, Colombia," Revista Lebret, Universidad Santo Tomás - Bucaramanga, vol. 5, pages 357-375, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Retornos de la educación; regresión por percentiles; splineslineales;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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