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Optimal Income Taxation with Unemployment and Wage Responses: A Sufficient Statistics Approach

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Listed:
  • Kory Kroft
  • Kavan Kucko
  • Etienne Lehmann
  • Johannes Friedrich Schmieder

Abstract

We derive a sufficient statistics optimal income tax formula in a general model that incorporates unemployment and endogenous wages, to study the shape of the tax and transfer system at the bottom of the income distribution. The sufficient statistics are the macro employment response to taxation and the micro and macro participation responses. We estimate these statistics using policy variation from the U.S. tax and transfer system. Our results suggest that the optimal tax more closely resembles a Negative Income Tax than an Earned Income Tax Credit relative to the case where unemployment and wage responses are not taken into account.

Suggested Citation

  • Kory Kroft & Kavan Kucko & Etienne Lehmann & Johannes Friedrich Schmieder, 2017. "Optimal Income Taxation with Unemployment and Wage Responses: A Sufficient Statistics Approach," CESifo Working Paper Series 6686, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_6686
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    6. Robin Boadway & Katherine Cuff, 2018. "Optimal unemployment insurance and redistribution," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 20(3), pages 303-324, June.
    7. Kazuhiko Sumiya & Jesper Bagger, 2022. "Income Taxes, Gross Hourly Wages, and the Anatomy of Behavioral Responses: Evidence from a Danish Tax Reform," Economics Working Papers 2022-03, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    8. Ugo Colombino & Nizamul Islam, 2021. "Global and digitalised economy, new labour demand scenarios and optimal tax-transfer reforms," CHILD Working Papers Series 90 JEL Classification: H2, Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD) - CCA.
    9. Lavecchia, Adam M., 2020. "Minimum wage policy with optimal taxes and unemployment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 190(C).
    10. Albert Jan Hummel & Bas Jacobs, 2018. "Optimal Income Taxation in Unionized Labor Markets," CESifo Working Paper Series 7188, CESifo.
    11. CRISTEA Loredana Andreea & ZETI Catalin, 2019. "Study On The Incidence Of Social Security Contributions On Employment And Unemployment, In The European Context," Revista Economica, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 71(2), pages 24-42, September.
    12. Islam, Nizamul & Colombino, Ugo, 2018. "The case for NIT+FT in Europe. An empirical optimal taxation exercise," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 38-69.
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    16. Dami'an Vergara, 2022. "Minimum Wages and Optimal Redistribution," Papers 2202.00839, arXiv.org, revised Dec 2022.
    17. Johannes F. Schmieder & Till von Wachter, 2016. "The Effects of Unemployment Insurance Benefits: New Evidence and Interpretation," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 8(1), pages 547-581, October.
    18. Gerritsen, Aart, 2017. "Equity and efficiency in rationed labor markets," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 56-68.
    19. Albert Jan Hummel, 2021. "Unemployment and tax design," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 21-061/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
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    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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