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A Simple Theory of Optimal Redistributive Taxation with Equilibrium Unemployment

  • Mathias Hungerbuhler

    (Crest)

  • Etienne Lehmann

    (Crest)

  • Alexis Parmentier

    (Crest)

  • Bruno Van Der Linden

    (Crest)

We consider an optimal nonlinear income tax problem in a model with search-matching unemployment and where the negotiated pre-tax wage decreases with mar-ginal tax rate but increases with the level of tax. By omitting labor supply responsesand assuming bene?t for the unemployed and an e¢ cient allocation in the absenceof tax, we characterize the optimal equity-e¢ ciency trade o¤. We show that in labormarket speci?c to each interior level of skill, optimal wages and unemployment ratesare distorted downwards. Moreover, average tax rate are increasing along the in-come distribution and marginal tax rate are positive at the top, even when the skilldistribution is bonded.

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Paper provided by Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique in its series Working Papers with number 2010-13.

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Length: 15
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2010-13
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  2. Mikhail Golosov & Narayana Kocherlakota & Aleh Tsyvinski, 2002. "Optimal Indirect and Capital Taxation," NajEcon Working Paper Reviews 391749000000000449, www.najecon.org.
  3. Herwig Immervoll & Henrik Jacobsen Kleven & Claus Thustrup Kreiner & Emmanuel Saez, 2005. "Welfare Reform in European Countries: A Microsimulation Analysis," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 28, OECD Publishing.
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  8. Etienne Lehmann & Alexis Parmentier & Bruno Van der Linden, 2011. "Optimal Income Taxation with Endogenous Participation and Search Unemployment," CESifo Working Paper Series 3324, CESifo Group Munich.
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  12. Hungerbühler, Mathias & Lehmann, Etienne & Parmentier, Alexis & Van der Linden, Bruno, 2005. "Optimal Redistributive Taxation in a Search Equilibrium Model," IZA Discussion Papers 1460, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  16. Chone, Philippe & Laroque, Guy, 2005. "Optimal incentives for labor force participation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(2-3), pages 395-425, February.
  17. Hungerbühler, Mathias & Lehmann, Etienne, 2007. "On the Optimality of a Minimum Wage: New Insights from Optimal Tax Theory," IZA Discussion Papers 2957, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  18. Lockwood, Ben & Manning, Alan, 1993. "Wage setting and the tax system theory and evidence for the United Kingdom," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 1-29, August.
  19. Chinhui Juhn & Kevin M. Murphy & Robert H. Topel, 1991. "Why Has the Natural Rate of Unemployment Increased over Time?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(2), pages 75-142.
  20. Emmanuel Saez, 2002. "Optimal Income Transfer Programs: Intensive versus Extensive Labor Supply Responses," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(3), pages 1039-1073.
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