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Taxation and Labor Supply of Married Couples across Countries: A Macroeconomic Analysis

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  • Alexander Bick
  • Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln

Abstract

We document contemporaneous differences in the aggregate labor supply of married couples across 17 European countries and the US. Based on a model of joint household decision making, we quantify the contribution of international differences in non-linear labor income taxes and consumption taxes to the international differences in hours worked in the data. Through the lens of the model, taxes, together with wages and the educational composition, account for a significant part of the small differences in married men’s and the large differences in married women’s hours worked in the data. Taking the full non-linearities of labor income tax codes, including the tax treatment of married couples, into account is crucial for generating the low cross-country correlation between married men’s and women’s hours worked in the data, and for explaining the variation of married women’s hours worked across European countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Bick & Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln, 2017. "Taxation and Labor Supply of Married Couples across Countries: A Macroeconomic Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 6325, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_6325
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    taxation; two-earner households; hours worked;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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