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Bank Bailouts, International Linkages and Cooperation

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  • Friederike Niepmann

    () (European University Institute, Florence, Italy)

  • Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr

    () (Centre for Business Taxation, University of Oxford)

Abstract

Financial institutions are increasingly linked internationally. As a result, financial crisis and government intervention have stronger effects beyond borders. We provide a model of international contagion allowing for bank bailouts. While a social planner trades off tax distortions, liquidation losses and intra- and inter-country income inequality, in the non-cooperative game between governments there are inefficiencies due to externalities, no burden sharing and free-riding. We show that, in absence of cooperation, stronger interbank linkages make government interests diverge, whereas cross-border asset holdings tend to align them. We analyze different forms of cooperation and their effects on global and national welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Friederike Niepmann & Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr, 2010. "Bank Bailouts, International Linkages and Cooperation," Working Papers 1016, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
  • Handle: RePEc:btx:wpaper:1016
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    3. Jean Tirole, 2015. "Country Solidarity in Sovereign Crises," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 105(8), pages 2333-2363, August.
    4. Górnicka, Lucyna A. & Zoican, Marius A., 2016. "Too-international-to-fail? Supranational bank resolution and market discipline," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 41-58.
    5. Haritchabalet, Carole & Lepetit, Laetitia & Spinassou, Kévin & Strobel, Frank, 2017. "Bank capital regulation: Are local or central regulators better?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 103-114.
    6. Huremovic, Kenan & Jiménez, Gabriel & Moral-Benito, Enrique & Vega-Redondo, Fernando & Peydró, José-Luis, 2020. "Production and financial networks in interplay: Crisis evidence from supplier-customer and credit registers," EconStor Preprints 222281, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    7. Todd Keister, 2016. "Bailouts and Financial Fragility," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 83(2), pages 704-736.
    8. Thorsten Beck & Wolf Wagner, 2016. "Supranational Supervision: How Much and for Whom?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 12(2), pages 221-268, June.
    9. Niepmann, Friederike, 2015. "Banking across borders," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 244-265.
    10. Haufler, Andreas & Maier, Ulf, 2016. "Regulatory competition in capital standards with selection effects among banks," Discussion Papers in Economics 27700, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    11. Diemer, Michael, 2016. "Who should rescue subsidiaries of multinational banks?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 159-174.
    12. Faia, Ester & Weder, Beatrice, 2016. "Cross-Border Resolution of Global Banks: Bail in under Single Point of Entry versus Multiple Points of Entry," CEPR Discussion Papers 11171, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Breckenfelder, Johannes & Schwaab, Bernd, 2018. "Bank to sovereign risk spillovers across borders: Evidence from the ECB’s Comprehensive Assessment," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 247-262.
    14. Fidrmuc, Jarko & Hake, Mariya & Stix, Helmut, 2013. "Households’ foreign currency borrowing in Central and Eastern Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 1880-1897.
    15. Loipersberger, Florian, 2017. "The Effect of Supranational Banking Supervision on the Financial Sector: Event Study Evidence from Europe," Discussion Papers in Economics 34610, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    16. Agnieszka Trzcinska, 2015. "The Impact of the New Resolution Regime on Public Support to Banks (Udzial sektora publicznego w kosztach ratowania bankow w swietle nowych przepisow w zakresie restrukturyzacji i uporzadkowanej likwi," Problemy Zarzadzania, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Management, vol. 13(55), pages 120-133.
    17. Ester Faia & Beatrice Weder di Mauro, 2015. "Cross-Border Resolution of Global Banks," European Economy - Discussion Papers 2015 - 011, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    18. Tirole, Jean, 2012. "Country Solidarity, Private Sector Involvement and the Contagion of Sovereign Crises," IDEI Working Papers 761, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, revised Sep 2012.
    19. Maier, Ulf & Haufler, Andreas, 2013. "Regulatory competition in credit markets with capital standards as signals," VfS Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79769, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    20. Christian Grisse & Gisle J. Natvik, 2018. "Sovereign debt crises and cross-country assistance," Working Papers 2018-15, Swiss National Bank.
    21. Loipersberger, Florian, 2018. "The effect of supranational banking supervision on the financial sector: Event study evidence from Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 34-48.
    22. Haufler, Andreas & Maier, Ulf, 2019. "Regulatory competition in capital standards: a ‘race to the top’ result," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 180-194.
    23. Tim Eisert & Christian Eufinger, 2019. "Interbank Networks and Backdoor Bailouts: Benefiting from Other Banks’ Government Guarantees," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 65(8), pages 3673-3693, August.
    24. Iman van Lelyveld & Marco Spaltro, 2011. "Coordinating Bank Failure Costs and Financial Stability," DNB Working Papers 306, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    25. Näther, Maria & Vollmer, Uwe, 2019. "National versus supranational bank regulation: Gains and losses of joining a banking union," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 1-18.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bailout; contagion; financial crisis; international institutional arrangements;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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