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Cross-Border Exposures and Financial Contagion

Author

Listed:
  • Degryse, H.A.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

  • Elahi, M.A.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

  • Penas, M.F.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

Abstract

Integrated financial markets provide opportunities for expansion and improved risk sharing, but also pose threats of contagion risk through cross-border exposures. This paper examines cross-border contagion risk over the period 1999-2006. To that purpose we use aggregate cross-border exposures of seventeen countries as reported in the BIS Consolidated Banking Statistics. We find that a shock which affects the liabilities of one country may undermine the stability of the entire financial system. Particularly, a shock wiping out 25% (35%) of US (UK) cross-border liabilities against non-US (non-UK) banks could lead to bank contagion eroding at least 94% (45%) of the recipient countries’ banking assets. We also find that since 2006 a shock to Eastern Europe, Turkey and Russia affects most countries. Our simulations also reveal that the “speed of propagation of contagion” has increased in recent years resulting in a higher number of directly exposed banking systems. Finally we find that contagion is more widespread in geographical proximities.

Suggested Citation

  • Degryse, H.A. & Elahi, M.A. & Penas, M.F., 2009. "Cross-Border Exposures and Financial Contagion," Discussion Paper 2009-20, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:tiu:tiucen:9c71b91d-76f5-4b50-b722-b3d1d8e8dff7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gropp, Reint & Moerman, Gerard, 2004. "Measurement of contagion in banks' equity prices," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 405-459, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cross-border contagion; financial integration; financial stability;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G29 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Other

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