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Health and the Political Agency of Women

Listed author(s):
  • Sonia Bhalotra
  • Irma Clots-Figueras

    ()

We investigate whether politician gender influences policy outcomes in India. We focus upon antenatal and postnatal public health provision since the costs of poor services in this domain are disproportionately borne by women. Accounting for potential endogeneity of politician gender and the sample composition of births, we find that a one standard deviation increase in women’s political representation results in a 1.5 percentage point reduction in neonatal mortality. Women politicians are more likely to build public health facilities and encourage antenatal care, institutional delivery and immunization. The results are topical given that a bill proposing quotas for women in state assemblies is currently pending in the Indian Parliament.

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File URL: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cmpo/publications/papers/2011/wp280.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK in its series The Centre for Market and Public Organisation with number 11/280.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2011
Handle: RePEc:bri:cmpowp:11/280
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