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Developing country economic structure and the pricing of syndicated credits

Author

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  • Yener Altunbas

    (University of Wales, Bangor)

  • Blaise Gadanecz

Abstract

We analyse in an extensive risk return framework the determinants of the pricing of 5,000-plus syndicated credits granted to developing country borrowers between 1993 and 2001. Syndicated loans with riskier characteristics or granted to riskier borrowers are found to be more expensive than others, although the effect of purely microeconomic price determinants is in several instances weaker when macroeconomic conditions in borrowers' countries are also controlled for. In addition to individual loan or borrower considerations, lenders seem to focus more on macroeconomic factors to determine the pricing of their loans, such as the level of exports relative to debt service in the developing countries where the borrowers are located. For some, this means restricted access to external financing. We detect possible evidence of lenders exploiting their market power. Certain banks appear to charge a premium to change initially agreed loan terms. Furthermore, discounts are granted on developing country loans provided by small groups or clubs of relationship banks rather than on facilities with the participation of a large number of institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Yener Altunbas & Blaise Gadanecz, 2003. "Developing country economic structure and the pricing of syndicated credits," BIS Working Papers 132, Bank for International Settlements.
  • Handle: RePEc:bis:biswps:132
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eichengreen, Barry & Mody, Ashoka, 2000. "Lending booms, reserves and the sustainability of short-term debt: inferences from the pricing of syndicated bank loans," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 5-44, October.
    2. Paolo Mauro & Nathan Sussman & Yishay Yafeh, 2002. "Emerging Market Spreads: Then versus Now," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 695-733.
    3. Xavier Freixas & Jean-Charles Rochet, 1997. "Microeconomics of Banking," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262061937, January.
    4. Feder, Gershon & Just, Richard E., 1977. "An analysis of credit terms in the eurodollar market," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 221-243.
    5. repec:ags:ucdavw:225633 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Richard Cantor & Frank Packer, 1995. "Sovereign credit ratings," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 1(Jun).
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    Cited by:

    1. Gregory P. Nini, 2004. "The value of financial intermediaries: empirical evidence from syndicated loans to emerging market borrowers," International Finance Discussion Papers 820, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    2. Francesco Corielli & Stefano Gatti & Alessandro Steffanoni, 2010. "Risk Shifting through Nonfinancial Contracts: Effects on Loan Spreads and Capital Structure of Project Finance Deals," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 42(7), pages 1295-1320, October.
    3. repec:dau:papers:123456789/8559 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Suman Lodh & Monomita Nandy, 2015. "How Has the Global Financial Crisis Affected Syndicated Loan Terms in Emerging Markets? Evidence from China," CESifo Working Paper Series 5353, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Karima Bouaiss & Catherine Refait-Alexandre, 2009. "La structure des crédits syndiqués comme défense contre les problèmes informationnels - Une analyse empirique sur le marché français," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, revues.org, vol. 12(2), pages 35-68, June.
    6. Zuzana Fungacova & Christophe J. Godlewski & Laurent Weill, 2009. "Asymmetric Information and Loan Spreads in Russia: Evidence from Syndicated Loans," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2009-01, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.
    7. Godlewski, Christophe J. & Weill, Laurent, 2008. "Syndicated loans in emerging markets," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 206-219, September.
    8. Bonetti, Veronica & Caselli, Stefano & Gatti, Stefano, 2010. "Offtaking agreements and how they impact the cost of funding for project finance deals: A clinical case study of the Quezon Power Ltd Co," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 60-71, April.
    9. Clark, Ephraim & Lakshmi, Geeta, 2007. "Assymetric information and the pricing of sovereign eurobonds: India 1990-1992," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 124-142.
    10. João Pinto & Mário Coutinho dos Santos, 2014. "Corporate Financing Choices after the 2007-2008 Financial Crisis," Working Papers de Economia (Economics Working Papers) 03, Católica Porto Business School, Universidade Católica Portuguesa.
    11. repec:eee:ecolet:v:162:y:2018:i:c:p:69-72 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Christodoulakis, George A. & Olupeka, Taiwo, 2010. "Pricing and momentum of syndicated credit in Europe," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 325-332, October.
    13. Christophe J. Godlewski, 2008. "What Drives the Arrangement Timetable of Bank Loan Syndication ?," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2008-02, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    syndicated loans; developing countries; debt;

    JEL classification:

    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems

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