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The Lending Channel in Emerging Economies: Are Foreign Banks Different?

Author

Listed:
  • Mr. Francisco F. Vazquez
  • Ms. Carmen Reinhart
  • Mr. Marco Arena

Abstract

This paper exploits a panel dataset comprising 1,565 banks in 20 emerging countries during 1989- 2001 and compares the response of the volume of loans and the rates on loans and deposits to various measures of monetary conditions across domestic and foreign banks. It also looks for systematic differences in the behavior of domestic and foreign banks during periods of financial distress and tranquil times. Using differences in bank ownership as a proxy for financial constraints, the paper finds weak evidence that foreign banks have a lower sensitivity of credit to monetary conditions relative to their domestic competitors, with the differences driven by banks with lower asset liquidity and/or capitalization. The lending and deposit rates of foreign banks tend to be smoother during periods of financial distress. However, the differences across domestic and foreign banks do not appear to be strong. These results provide weak support to the existence of supply-side effects in credit markets and suggest that foreign bank entry in emerging countries may have contributed somewhat to stability in credit markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Mr. Francisco F. Vazquez & Ms. Carmen Reinhart & Mr. Marco Arena, 2007. "The Lending Channel in Emerging Economies: Are Foreign Banks Different?," IMF Working Papers 2007/048, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2007/048
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    WP; foreign bank; loan growth; money market rate; bank characteristic; bank ownership; panel dataset; Lending channel; monetary transmission; credit markets; foreign banks; Loans; Reserve requirements; Money markets; Deposit rates; Asia and Pacific;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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